The Ajza' of the Qur'an

The splitting of the Qur’an into 30 roughly-equal sections, known as a juz’ (ajza’ being the plural) was done post-Revelation by Muslims for a variety of reasons. Early on, it was difficult for some families to obtain a scribed (i.e., handwritten) copy of the Qur’an and thus smaller sections were made (juz’). With the advent of official Muslim seminaries and programs for learning and memorizing the Qur’an, this also contributed to the popularity of splitting the mushaf (i.e., a physical copy of the Qur’an) into ajza’. In essence, it was for convenience.

Each juz’ of Qur’an is, according to this popular system, split into a doublet, known as a hizb (i.e., 2 hizb = 1 juz’). Every two hizb are in turn quartered, known as a rub’ (i.e., 2 hizb = 4 rub’). And finally, every rub’ are split, resulting in two thumn, or an eighth (i.e., 1 rub’ = 2 thumn). In other words, the juz’ is comprised of eight roughly-equal parts. See this diagram to see a visual display of the breakdown of a juz’.

A'ishah, the Prophet's wife reported that the Prophet said, “A person who recites the Qur'an and masters it by heart will be with the noble righteous scribes (i.e., Angeles). But for a person who exerts themself to learn the Qur'an by heart, though they recite it with great difficulty, will have a double reward.” Sahih al-Bukhari, 4937

مَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَهْوَ حَافِظٌ لَهُ مَعَ السَّفَرَةِ الْكِرَامِ الْبَرَرَةِ، وَمَثَلُ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَهْوَ يَتَعَاهَدُهُ وَهْوَ عَلَيْهِ شَدِيدٌ، فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ

A Thematic Guide To The 30 Juz'

The following is a short thematic guide to reading the Qur'an, broken down into the 30 juz’. This is meant to help those who wish to read the Qur'an in one entire month, as many are wont to do during the month of Ramadan.

Juz' #1: al-Fatihah (1: 1) » al-Baqarah (2: 141)

The name “al-Baqarah” comes from an incident (v.66-73) that roots us in the relationship between God and man.
In this chapter we learn of one of our purposes in this life: the care-takers of God (khalifah), meaning we are His representatives on the earth.
Many of our failures in this life result from our desires for excessive material wealth and comfort. Others are due to Shaytan’s commitment to influencing us to do evil.
From Adam and Eve through the many civilizations that man builds that come and go, one remaining constant is God’s concern for humanity and the salvation He alone provides.
From amongst the virtues of al-Baqarah is the statement by the Prophet :
"Do not turn your houses into graves. Indeed Satan does not enter the house in which Surah al-Baqarah is recited." [Jami’ al-Tirmidhi, #3118]

لاَ تَجْعَلُوا بُيُوتَكُمْ مَقَابِرَ وَإِنَّ الْبَيْتَ الَّذِي تُقْرَأُ فِيهِ الْبَقَرَةُ لاَ يَدْخُلُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ

This chapter opens by making a definitive statement, one which we either accept or reject: “That is the Book, without any doubt. It contains guidance for those who are of a mind to protect themselves.”
Disbelief and Hypocrisy (v6-13): actions speak louder than words (v8). Belief and faith in God requires correct actions and deeds, no simply lip service. God also demonstrates that while we can fool people, we cannot fool God, who is aware of what is uttered and what is in the deepest recesses of our hearts.
The Parable of the Storm (v19-20): covering one’s ears, in a vain attempt to deny destruction coming one’s way, will not save one from annihilation! Only acknowledging the truth and acting on it will save oneself from destruction.
Why Are We Here? (v21-25): in the previous verses, God explains to us three modalities of human disposition: faithful, hypocritical, and outright rejection of God.
This section lays out three of the most important theological claims of the Qur’an:
  1. God is One, the Supreme Creator of everything; that same God put you here on Earth with a purpose.
  2. God chooses elect members of the human race to be His representatives; prophecy is not a cheap parlor trick.
  3. Humans have souls and there is an After-Life after This Life; how we live in this life affects the outcome of The Next.
Adam’s Creation: our “origin story”. The Qur’an declares we are created, not accidents. Nothing has been left to chance. Also in this story we learn our distinguished rank as God’s representative on the Earth (khalifah) as well as the true nature of the Angels: Iblis (Satan) is a jinn - a being created from smokeless fire - not a “fallen angel” (there is no such thing). His refusal to bow to Adam (i.e., place God above personal desires) is what ruined him and also sparked the great enmity that Iblis would harbor to mankind until the end of days.
Jews As the Proto-Muslims: the Jews represent an important element of the Revelatory Message. They are in essence, the first Muslims, i.e., those who submitted to God. He favored them over all of mankind (v47). The greatest struggle of the Jews was not Pharaoh but was deciding whether they would be obedient to God or not.
Don’t fall prey to hypocrisy: (v44).
Lack of humility is an act of disobedience: (v58).
There Is Only One God: (v62).
Why the chapter is called “The Heifer”, aka “The Cow”: (v67-71). The Jews tried to play games with God, wanting to put off obedience.
Rejecting what God has decreed simply because you do not like it: (v78). The Rabbis of Madinah tried to alter their writings and scripture because they found that Muhammad had indeed fit the (physical) description of what their Prophet would look like. God admonished them for doing this.
Religious people are cautioned from speaking about God (v80) that which they have no qualifying knowledge of.
Learn from the mistakes of the past: the Jews of Yathrib would “play games” with the Prophet but insulting with a word they thought he didn’t know the meaning, even though the word was used by both Jews and Arabs (v104). Speak the truth and do not belittle people.
Maintain calm and composure: even when taunted by other who reject your message and mock your religion (v109).
Focus on God: His presence is “wherever you turn” (v115).
Don’t concern yourself with others petty allegations: the faithless are frequently asking, "why God doesn’t address me personally?" (v118).
Stand firm in your faith: the People of the Book (Jews, Christians, etc.) will never cease attempting to drag you away from your faith (v120). In a way, they may even be jealous of your faith as many of them today mock and riducule their own faiths.
Ibrahim builds a house of worship in Mecca: Ibrahim was firm in fulfilling his obligations to God.
Islam establishes its roots in the past by affirming “We believe in God and in what He sent to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Itshaq (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob) and the tribes of Isra’il (Tribes of Israel) … that which was given to Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus).

Juz' #2: al-Baqarah (2: 142) » al-Baqarah (2: 252)

A New Path to God: (v142-154) the original direction for prayer (qiblah) was to Jerusalem (al-Quds). However, with the coming of the New Revelation (i.e., the Qur’an) and a new and final Messenger, the Muslims were commanded to change their direction of prayer to the Ka’bah in Makkah (v144). This new direction also served as means of telling who was with the Prophet and who was against him. These verses show the superseding power that Islam has over cultural customs when they inhibit unity and obedience to Allah.
Life Is A Test: (v153-154) these verses illustrate an enduring promise of Allah: that we will be tested, in our families, our wealth and in our faith, in this life. The only means of overcoming it is through perseverance (sabr) and prayer (salah).
God Is One: (v163-164) when the verse (v163) was revealed, many pagans were astounded that there was only one God, not many gods. They asked for proof of this which can be found in the following verse (v164).
Dietary Restrictions: (v168) Islam came as a means of guiding and cleansing. It also included dietary laws and guidelines instructing mankind to keep what he puts in his body pure and sacrificed for God alone (v168). This is also in keeping with the older laws from Moses.
The Line Between Custom and Religion: (v170) many of those who heard the Message, attested to its truth, but were stubborn, not wishing to abandon the ways of their forefather, even though they were commanded to do so and were in contradiction to the new Revelation. In this way, Islam requires a constant vigilance for each generation to ensure its following the Qur’an and the Sunnah and not simply following customs.
Establishing Justice and Limiting Retribution: (v178-179) the pagan Arabs had a system of retribution (as did the Jews) but over time it devolved into a non-stop system of reprisal. Islam put limits to this. Left unchecked, such a system would destroy society.
The Holy Month of Ramadan: (v183) Allah reveals to the Believers the mandate to fast the Holy Month and that in doing so. Allah wants only good and ease for Allah’s worshipers, not harm.
Keep the Faith: (v186) do not despair of Allah’s hope. Allah is always near.
Enjoining Neighborly Love: (v188) the focus of life is not the accumulation of wealth, therefore do not consume each others properties and wealth.
The Call For Self-Defense: (v190-195) after years of harassment, the Prophet was finally given permission to defend himself and the Muslims for the hostility of the pagans.
Pilgrimage to the House of Allah: (v196) introduces the rites of Hajj.
Remember Allah in All Times and All Places: (v200-203) in the Pre-Islamic time period (jahiliyyah) the Arabs would go out on Mina and start boasting about their ancestors. Allah reveals that after completing the rites of Hajj that the Believer should remember Allah.
The Temptations of This Life: (v204-205) Allah warns us that there will always be those who will try and dazzle us about the gains of this worldly life.
Be Firm In Your Commitments to Allah: (v208-211).
Give in Charity For Allah Rewards It: (v215).
Liquor and Gambling Do More Harm Than Good: (v219).
Kindness to Orphans: (v220).
Marrying Pagan Prohibited: (v221).
Abolishing Superstitions Concerning Women: (v223) some of the pagans and Jews from Madinah had superstitions concerning women. Allah commands the Believers to be kind to them and treat them well.
Marriage: (v224-237) these verses coming the most important aspects of human relations: marriage. Allah commands us to be fair and patient in moments of marital discord; allows for divorce; allows for women to initiate divorce proceedings (something unheard of before); commands the believers to not play games with marriage and divorce; do not seek revenge on formers spouses; permits widows to remarry; mandates that parents are still parents, even when divorce takes place and must maintain their children; women must be given dowries.
The Importance of Prayer: (238-239) even in times of fear, do not forget the importance of salah.
Facing Life’s Challenges: (v243) Islam encourages us to be courageous and not run away from life’s challenges or enemies. We must face them just as we must face Allah in the Here-After.
Support Allah’s Causes with What Allah Provides For You: (v245).
Commentary on Religions of the Past: (v252-253) Allah tells us the nature of some the past religions and their prominent figures.
Enjoining Neighborly Love: (v188) the focus of life is not the accumulation of wealth, therefore do not consume each others properties and wealth.

Juz' #3: al-Baqarah (2: 253) » Al 'Imran (3: 92)

Reminders For Charity Again: (v254) again Allah reminds us the importance of giving in charity.
The Verse of the Throne: (v255) a magnificent verse, its virtues are many. Amongst them is its use for providing protection (Sahih al-Bukhari, 3275).
Religious Freedom: (v256) while Allah proclaims Islam to be the religion to be practice until the Day of Judgment, Islam allows for the freedom of religious practice. No one can be compelled against their will to believe in Islam.
Ibrahim, Allah’s Friend: (v258-260) Ibrahim turns his back on idolatry.
Charity Is Not For the Humiliation of Others: (v262-274) charity should be given for the reward of Allah, not to subjugate or humiliate others.
Prohibition Against Usury: (v275) Allah forbids usury (riba).
Make A Contract When Doing Business: (v282-283).
The True Nature of Existence and What To Believe In: (v284-286).
Surah al-Baqarah covers many topics and themes: Central to them is reliance on Allah, giving charity, and being faithful, even when life is difficult.
The Family of ‘Imran: the third chapter of the Qur’an focuses on the eternal message of la ilaha illah’Allah (there is no deity except God). The chapter is named after the religious leaders of the Children of Israel who were the descendants of Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron). As time progressed, human society became more complex, and thus, so did the Revelation. As Islam was revealed just as the world was on the cusp of modernity, so did, and so does, Islam contain a civilizing element to it as well (laws, etc.). As Islam is to be the final message to mankind, it is necessarily complex in some matters.
Division Leads To Destruction: (v5-9) many nations that came before (including the Tribe of Israel) suffered loss and destruction due to the incessant arguing and infighting. Allah makes it plain some verses are open to interpretation, others not. This, however, must never be a reason to split in descension.
Have Faith That God’s Plan Will Be Victorious: (v11-13) these verses were revealed after the Battle of Badr, in which approximately 313 Muslims defeated over 1,000 pagans.
Beware of Materialism: (v14-17).
Confirmation of Islam as the Only Valid Religion: (v18-22) Islam’s revelation brought about the abrogation of those religious traditions that came before: either correcting them or confirming them. Thus, Jew, Christians and others are obliged by Allah to accept this Final Revelation. Two Rabbis who traveled from Damascus to Madinah met with the Prophet, peace be upon him, and after having an exchange and hearing the verses, accepted Islam, confirming that Muhammad was indeed the one the Jews had been waiting for (Asbab al-Nuzul).
Be Mindful of the Company You Keep: (v28-32).
The Continuity of Allah’s Message: the story of Mary (v35-41); the story of Jesus (v43-57).
Jesus the Messenger, Not the Son of Allah: (v60).
The Myth of Abrahamic Faiths: (v65-69) Ibrahim was neither Jew nor Christian, but a hanif (someone pure in faith).
Jealousy Amongst the Followers of Previous Revelations: (v71-76).
Selling a Moment’s Pleasure For Eternity: (v77) beware of bearing false testimony simply for a brief gain in this life for total loss in the next.
Islam is Binding on All Faith Traditions: (v81-85) Allah states he made a covenant with the Prophets from before that should another Messenger come to the descendants of their followers, that Messenger’s revelation and religion would become binding on them.
Believe with Conviction: (v86-89) being fickle in one’s faith will never bring about success or Allah’s favor.
Righteousness: (v92) Allah defines righteousness, its root being charity.

Juz' #4: Al 'Imran (3: 93) » al-Nisa' (4: 23)

Reviving Ibrahim’s Religion: (v93-97) Islam connects Muslims to the primordial faith of Ibrahim.
Avoid Descension: (v100-112).
Don’t Not Judge Jews and Christians Too Harshly: (v113-117) Allah tells us that not all of them are the same. Some are to be considered believers. Treat them with respect.
Ask Allah For Forgiveness: (v135-138) if one commits an act of indiscretion, seek Allah’s forgiveness.
No One Is Immortal: (v144-148) no one will live in this life for forever. Not even the Prophet (v144), peace be upon him.
God Tests Us To Purify Us: (v179-180).
Do Not Belittle Allah With Vain Boasting: (v181-184).
Every Soul Must Taste Death: (v185).
Equality in Piety in the Sight of Allah: (v195) male and female are equal in their potential for piety in the sight of Allah. Umm Salamah inquired as to why Allah did not mention women when speaking of the reward for hijrah (migration from Makkah to Madinah due to persecution).
The Women: the fourth chapter of the Qur’an deals with many of the new social circumstances after the Prophet, peace be upon him, migrated to Yathrib (now known as Madinah). The Qur’an changed or did away with many Arab customs that were incompatible with Islam’s morality or theology.
Be Wary of Oppression: (v1-6) the Qur’an warns us not to oppress those weaker than us, nor take advantage of orphans.
Laws of Inheritance: (v7-14).
Treat Women Justly: (v19-21).
Laws of Marriage: (v22-23) Allah declares who is eligible for marriage, and how is not; the effects of conversion to Islam on marriage; the preference for believing woman over non-believing woman, regardless of social station (v25).

Juz' #5: al-Nisa' (4: 24) » al-Nisa' (4: 147)

Allah’s Mercy is Expansive: (v29-31).
Avoid Jealousy: (v32) Allah advises us not to be jealous because one person is given different things in this life than others.
Charity: (v37) again, Allah compels the Believers to spend in charity.
Racial Purity Is A Sign of Ignorance: (v49-50) the Jews claimed to be special in the sight of Allah due to their ethnicity.
Hypocrisy and Treason: (v51-57) the Jews of Madinah initially had a treaty with the Muslims. They (spearheaded by Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf) broke this treaty by conspiring secretly with the pagans of Makkah, even going so far to bow to their idols to swear fealty (v51).
Justice and Equality: (v58) a Muslim, when he is asked to judge, does so with equality regardless of religious or tribal affiliation. There is no nepotism in Islam.
The Sunnah as a Source of Authority: (v64-65) the Prophet, peace be upon him, is a source of authority for Muslim and must be obeyed.
Islam Has No Room For Cowards: (v77-79) though no one wishes to die, Islam demands bravery from its followers. Some of those around the Prophet did not want to fight, even to save their own lives. Allah reminds them “the enjoyment of this world is very short” (v77).
Do Good and Avoid Hypocrisy: (v86-91) do good deeds for the sake of Allah and avoid hypocrisy, for it is a corrupting.
Judge Actions Not Sincerity: (v94) only Allah can judge a person’s sincerity. However, we must make judgments of other’s actions.
No Matter How Hard Life Is, Allah Is In Control: (v132).
Stand For Justice: (v135).

Juz' #6: al-Nisa' (4: 148) » al-Ma'idah (5: 81)

Be Mindful of Spreading Bad News: (v149).
All Prophets Taught the Same Message: (v163-165).
An Invite to the People of the Book: (v171-175) in particular, a refutation of the trinity (v171).
The Banquet Table: the fifth chapter of the Qur’an, like the fourth, is a law-giving chapter. Revealed over a period of several months in Madinah, it deals with the latter part of the Prophet’s mission, peace be upon him. It’s name is taken from the 112th verse, when one of Jesus’ disciples asks, “Can your Lord send down a banquet table to us from heaven?”.
Dietary Restrictions Reinforced: (v1-5).
Necessity for Purity in Prayer: (v6) a summary of wudu’ is given.
The Remembrance of Allah: (v7-10) aside from prayer, the Muslim is extolled to remember Allah at all times.
A Petition to the People of the Book: (v12-16) Allah makes another appeal to the Jews and Christians to accept this new Revelation and Muhammad as their prophet.
Cain and Abel: (v27-31) the two sons of Adam, peace be upon him, in which Cain, in jealousy of Allah accepting Abel’s sacrifice but not his, slew him.
Aspire to Get Close to Allah: (v35-37).
Establishment of Criminal Law: (v38-39).
The Pact Between the Hypocrites and the Jews of Madinah: (v41-47) the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to trouble himself over the people’s acceptance of the Message of Islam. Allah would comfort him, telling him not to worry.
Revelation As A Means For Judging: (v48-50) the Qur’an (as other books) were sent as a means of guidance as well as a means to judge.
Allah and His Messenger Are Your Closest Allies: (v55-56) Abdullah ibn Salam, a Jewish convert (formerly a Rabbi) confided in the Prophet, peace be upon him, that their conversion was difficult as the other Jews disowned them after their embracing Islam. This verse was then revealed.
Correcting Theology: (v64-66) the Jews of Madinah, in chastising the Prophet, said things like, “God’s hands are tied up” (v64), implying that Allah was not intimately involved in the affairs of the Creation.
Refuting the Trinity: (v72-77) Allah specifically refutes the claims of the Trinity, that Allah is three-in-one.

Juz' #7: al-Ma'idah (5: 82) » al-An'am (6: 110)

Everything in Moderation: (v87) even for that which is permissible to consume (i.e., halal), moderation is required.
Beware of Promises You Cannot Keep: (v88-89) in a speech, the Prophet, peace be upon him, reminded the people of the Day of Judgment. Many of them became fearful and several prominent Companions pledged to fast every day, pray all night, never sleep in a bed, never eat meat, etc. Upon hearing this the Prophet, peace be upon him, became upset, stating he did not intend this (nor did Allah). He said, “I have not ordered you to be priests or monks…”. For this reason, permanent celibacy and total renouncing of the world is forbidden in Islam.
Alcohol and Gambling Now Completely Forbidden: (v90-93) any past indiscretions in drinking and gambling forgiven (v93).
Trust In Allah’s Guidance: (v101-105) Allah warns about excessive questioning versus acting upon which is know in a good manner. For those who become Muslim and face difficulties, Allah counsels to trust in Allah’s decision to guide you (v105).
Jesus Testifies on the Day of Judgement: (v109-111) the Qur’an testifies that Jesus and his mother, peace be upon them both, were righteous worshippers of Allah, not gods themselves.
The Price of Faith: (v112-115) when the Disciples of Jesus, peace be upon him, ask him to see if Allah could send down a banquet table to assuage their doubts, Allah responds by saying it would be done but if they doubt after that, “I will punish him with a punishment the like of which I will not inflict on anyone else in all the worlds!” (v115).
The Denial of Jesus as God: (v116-120).
Cattle: the sixth chapter of the Qur’an, from the late Makkan period, is another law-giving chapter. Part of its name comes from dismissing superstitions that the pagans (and many cultures) had concerning livestock and animals. The Qur’an uses these critiques of superstition to make calculated refutation of idolatry as a whole.
Allah is The One and Only Creator and Decider of Destiny: (v1-5).
Faithlessness Is Deeper Than Needing “Proofs”: (v7) “Even if We were to send down a book to you on actual pages and they could actually to touch it with their own hands, those who deny the Truth would still say, ‘This is nothing but downright magic’.”.
The Message is Validated But Rejected: (v19-20) the people of previous scriptures (Jews, Christians) knew this Revelation (i.e., the Qur’an) to be true but their pride prevented them from acting on it.
Comforting the Prophet: (v33-41) the delivering of the Message of Islam weighed heavily on the Prophet. Allah comforted him, peace be upon him, informing him that he was not the only prophet to face ridicule.
Allah’s Proofs Are Self-Evident: (v46-51).
Social Equality Before Allah: (v52-55) one of the objections the pagan Arabs had against the Prophet was the notion that a begger and a chief could be equal in the sight of Allah.
A Call To Pure Belief: (v56-67).
Have Self-Respect For Your Religion and Your Book: (v68-70) “Abandon those who have turned their deen into a game and a diversion and who have been deluded by the life of this world”.
Calling To Islam is Calling to Guidance: (v71-73).
The Noble Character of Ibrahim and the other Prophets: (v74-90) Allah extolled again the noble traits of Ibrahim as well as other Prophets.
Denial of an Aloof God: (v91-94) one of the Rabbis became angry when the Prophet, peace be upon him, informed him that Allah did not like religious leaders to be gluttonous. The Rabbi, who was fat, claimed that Allah did not send down scriptures to mortal men. The verse, “Allah would not send down anything to a mere human being” (v91) refutes this.
Signs of Allah in the Natural World: (v95-99).
Allah Can Only Be Known By His Definitions: (v100-105) some faith traditions and ancient religions pitted God against Satan as two brothers or that Satan is the god of this world, etc. Allah clarifies that Allah and Allah alone is the one true God and has no equal.

Juz' #8: al-An'am (6: 111) » al-A'raf (7: 87)

False Oaths: (v111) Allah refutes the claims of the faithless who claim that if Allah gave them clear proofs (as if Allah hasn’t) that they would believe.
Hamza ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib Becomes Muslim: (v122-127) when Abu Jahl, another of the Prophet’s uncles (peace be upon him) threw dung on the Prophet, Hamza confronted Abu Jahl and in the process declared his shahadah.
The Superstitions of the Pagan Arabs: (v128-145) Islam, while affirming the Supra-Natural (i.e., Allah), it denies superstitions. Some of the pagans would seek protection from the Jinn when they entered a valley or other places. It also addresses the tendency of man to associate partners with Allah vis-a-vie observations of the natural world (v136).
The Reason Behind the Jews Dietary Restrictions: (v147) many speculate on the reasons for the dietary restrictions on the Jews but Allah explains they are rooted in their incessant disobedience to Moses and the Laws he was given.
Justifying Evil Actions: (v148-153) people often claim that if Allah wanted them to act differently, then Allah would intervene and stop them. Allah refutes these claims and put the onus on people as to whether they act on guidance or not.
The Ten Commandments of Islam: (v151) [1] do not take others as Allah’s equal [2] be kind to your parents [3] do not kill your children out of fear of poverty - Allah will provide [4] do not approach indecency [5] do not take a life without grave justification [6] do not pilfer the wealth of orphans - you may invest it for them until they are of a responsible age [7] give full measure in transactions [8] balancy justly - Allah does not burden a soul beyond what it can bear [9] speak out for justice even against family or self [10] fulfill your contract with Allah.
Qur’an as a Book of Guidance: (v154-165) take its commands seriously. Heed them and stand firm on its Truths.
The Heights: the seventh chapter of the Qur’an is the last of the “law-giving chapters”. Revealed towards the latter portion of the Prophet’s stay in Makkah, peace be upon him. This chapter address such topics as interfaith dialogues, and theology. It also presents the stories of the Tribe of Israel as a warning to Muslims to not fall into hypocrisy and disobedience.
The Sin of Iblis and the Garden of Eden: (v10-27) contrary to Christianity, Satan in Islam was once a dedicated slave of Allah (a Jinn, not a fallen angel). His downfall was his pride. He deceived Adam and Eve in the Garden and had them expelled.
Every Nation Has Its Opportunity and When It’s Passed, It’s Gone: (v34-36).
No One to Blame But Yourself For Your Lack of Faith: (v37-41) the Companions of the Fire will curse those whom they claim came before them and misled them, asking Allah to double their punishment. Allah in turn will double the punishment for all (v38).
Allah’s Promise is True: (v42-53) the Companions of the Fire and the Companions of the Garden will both find the promise of Allah true.
Call on Allah with Respect: (v55-58) call on Allah with humility and sincerity, in public and in private.
Revelation Rejected in Times Before: (v60-87) Allah shows the Prophet, peace be upon him, that he is not alone in being rejected. The Prophets Nuh (Noah), Hud, Salih, Lut (Lot) and Shuayb (Jethro), amongst many others, had been rejected by their respective people.

Juz' #9: al-A'raf (7: 88) » al-Anfal (8: 40)

Nations Destroyed Due to their Arrogance: (v88-102) Allah sent prophets to every nation (v95). Their response, except for a few righteous people, was almost always rejection of the Message.
Moses and Pharaoh: (v102-137) Pharaoh is considered one of the most arrogant humans to have ever lived. He sought to put himself as the Lord Most High. Allah sent many warnings, as plagues, to convince him to change his ways. Eventually Allah destroyed his rule and drowned him, along with his army, in the ocean.
The Tribe of Israel: (v138-156) shortly after Allah liberates the Jews from Egypt, the Tribe of Israel begin to forget the amazing emancipation from Pharaoh’s tyranny. They then turn their backs and ask Musa (Moses) to make a new god for them, ultimately making a golden calf to worship. When admonished, they attempted to kill Harun (Aaron), Musa’s brother.
Allah’s Mercy for those Jews and Christians Who Accept the Prophet: (v157-158).
Disobedience Results in Loss: (v159-171) disobedience only harms the disobedient. A group of Jews sought means to find loopholes in the Sabbath and Allah punished them for it.
Bearing Witness To Allah: (v172-174) in a primordial state, all the souls of the Children of Adam bore witness that Allah indeed their Lord (v172).
When Will the Hour Strike and Fortune-Telling: (v187-188) none knows the Hour except for Allah. Everything else is foolish superstition.
Mankind’s Ungrateful Nature: (v189-202) even when people have a healthy child, the associate its good health to other gods or causes (v190).
Qur’anic Mannerisms: (v204-206) recite the Qur’an slowly, and if listening, listen attentively as to “receive mercy” (v204).
The Spoils of War: the eighth chapter of the Qur’an deals with the struggles of the Believers. Its revelation comes shortly after the Battle of Badr. Allah lays out instructions for conflict resolution.
The Purpose of War: (v1) war is not for the collecting or gaining of wealth, but is engaged to preserve one’s life and property. Be wary of allowing greed to influence the cause for going to war.
Victory Comes from Allah: (v9-19) there are two major battles during the time of the Prophet, peace be upon him: Badr and Uhud. In Badr. the Muslims were outnumbered yet Allah granted them victory (v17). Conversely, in the Battle of Uhud, in which some of the Muslims disobeyed the Prophet, peace be upon him, and in which the Muslims had greater numbers, they lost.
Obey Allah and Obey the Messenger: (v20-26).
Be Grateful to Allah: (v29-31) one of the worst qualities a person can have is not being grateful to what Allah has blessed them with.
Ultimate Justice: (v32-37) Allah will punish those who truly deserve it in Allah’s own time. None will escape ultimate justice.
Make Peace with One’s Enemies: (v38-40).

Juz' #10: al-Anfal (8: 41) » al-Tawbah (9: 92)

The Hypocrites Are the Worst of All Creation: (v49-58).
Work For Peace but Prepare For War: (v59-61) peace is preferable but one has every right to defend oneself.
Walk the Path of Righteous Openly: (v72-75) strive in the path of Allah with yourself and your possessions. Commit yourself openly to Allah and be sincere.
Repentance: the ninth chapter of the Qur’an, like the eighth, covers the topic of turmoil and struggle. It is unique as a surah in that it does not begin (in the mushaf/Qur’an) with the basmallah (“bismillahirahmanirahim”/”in the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate). Ali ibn Abi Talib stated in explanation that it was a stern warning to the remaining pagans, Jews, Christians and hypocrites, who had as of yet accept the message of Islam. Therefore, to begin such a warning with the basmallah would a connote a sense of protection.
Treaty Breakers Must Be Opposed: (v1-16).
Only Muslims May Be the Maintainers of Mosques: (v17-22).
Allah Aids the Righteous: (v25-27).
Be Prepared to be Rejected: (v29).
Making Gods of Holy Men: (v30-31) the Jews elevated Ezra to a son of Allah as did the Christians with Jesus. A grievous error. Be wary of over-praising religious figures.
Be Wary of Religious Charlatans: (v34-35).
When Called to Fight, Fight: (v38-48). Some, when called to fight, made excuses and stayed home.
Hypocrites Are Untrustworthy and Never Satisfied: (v49-59) a convert at the time of the Prophet, peace be upon him, Hurqus, (also known as Dhul-Khuwaysirah) complained to the Prophet when he was handing out charity. The Prophet rebuffed him, stating “Who is fairer than I? You would be unsuccessful and incurring a loss, if I do not do justice”. Upon this Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “Messenger of Allah, permit me to strike off his neck”. The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said, “Leave him, for he has friends who would outwardly look to be so religious and pious that everyone among you would consider his prayer insignificant as compared with their prayer. His fast as compared with their fasts. They would recite the Qur'an but it would not go beyond their collar-bones. They would pass through Islam so hurriedly just as the arrow passes through the prey” (Sahih al-Bukhari).
The Eight Categories of Sadaqah: (v60) Allah designates eight categories for sadaqah (charity): [1] the poor [2] the destitute [3] those whose profession is to collect it [4] encouraging new converts [5] freeing slaves [6] aiding those in debt [7] spending in the Way of Allah (zakah or jihad) and [8] travellers.
Hypocrites Only Have Each Others Backs: (v64-70).
Bonds of Brother- and Sister-Hood: (v71-72) “Believing men and women are friends of one another”.
Be Steadfast Against Hypocrisy: (v73-78).
The Poor Have A Right To Donate To Charity: (79-80) some hypocrites laugh when a poor man donated some dates to the Prophet, peace be upon him. It was literally half of that man’s wealth.

Juz' #11: al-Tawbah (9: 93) » Hud (11: 5)

Take Advantage of Blessed Opportunities: (v100) look at the hijrah from Makkah to Madinah. There was an opportunity as such that it came once in the lifetime of those people. They were presented with a choice: help the Prophet and the Emigrants. Those that were the “forerunners” seized the moment. They believed and acted on their belief, for no other opportunity like it would occur in their lifetime. Indeed, they had an opportunity gifted to few others who ever lived or would ever live. You never know what chance Allah is going to give to you do good, to earn your Akhirah.
The Mosque As a Place of Division: (v107-110) beware of some of seek to make the mosque a place of division.
Everything Is From Allah: (v111-112).
Faith and Falsehood Are Two Distinct Things: (v113-116).
Battle of Tabuk: (v117-123) these verses pertain the conflict of Tabuk (the trench). They discuss the loyalty (or lack there of) of those who followed the Prophet, peace be upon him.
Faith Must Be Maintained: (v125-129) the Prophet, peace be upon him, stated that he tried to protect us, his Ummah, as a man tries to protect moths from being burned in a fire:
Abu Hurayrah narrated, “I heard Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him, saying, ‘My example and the example of the people is that of a man who made a fire, and when it lighted what was around it, moths and other insects started falling into the fire. The man tried his best to prevent them from falling in the fire but they overpowered him and rushed into the fire.’ The Prophet, peace be upon him, added, ‘Now, similarly, I take hold of the knots at your waist-belts to prevent you from falling into the Fire, but you insist on falling into it’." Sahih al-Bukhari, 6483.
Jonah: the tenth chapter of the Qur’an, as well as several of the following chapter, deals with instructing the Believers in theology, morality. Allah points to the natural world as signs of Allah’s existence, though such awareness only comes from deep contemplation. We learn that Allah communicates with humanity through elected Prophets and Messengers. The truth about this life is revealed: it is short, but not the end. It is filled with temptations and hardships, to be overcome with faith (iman) and perseverance (sabr). The Next Life will be an immortal existence, either in the Garden or the Fire. The Fate of which is highly determined by our beliefs and deeds.
Allah Sends Messengers: (v1-2) the pagan Arabs were astounded by the Prophet’s claim, peace be upon him, that Allah would send him, or indeed any man, as a Messenger.
Mankind is Flighty and Are Distracted From the True Nature of Reality: (v11-24).
The Totality of Our Lives in the End Will Be Our Final Outcome: (v25-30).
Mankind is an Ingrate: (v31-36).
The Pagans Claim the Prophet Fabricated the Qur’an: (v37-53).
The Call of Islam and Salvation: (v54-60).
Allah is Ever Watchful: (v61-67) many of the pagan Arabs held the notion that Allah was distant, unconcerned with the affairs of humans.
Claiming God Has a Son: (68-70) the pagan Arabs as well as the Christians claimed Allah has begotten a son.
Other Prophets Struggled To Deliver the Message: (v71-83) many Prophets and Messengers struggled delivering the Message of la ilaha illa’Allah. These passages also include the story of Musa (Moses) and Pharaoh.
The Emancipation of the Hebrews from Pharaoh: (v84-93).
Quraysh Plant Doubts About the Prophet’s Legitimacy: (v94-97) If you are in any doubt about what We have sent down to you, then ask those who were reciting the Book before you. The truth has come to you from your Lord, so on no account be one of the doubters..
The Uniqueness of Jonah’s Preaching: (v98-103) Jonah preached to the city of Nineveh (approximately the mid- to late 8th Century). At this time idolatry had again found its way into the lands of Israel. Nineveh has the unique claim to have been the only city to have accepted the Message of la ilaha illa’Allah without hesitation.
Faith Confronts Doubt: (v104-109).
Hud: the eleventh chapter of the Qur’an also deals with instructing the Believers in theology, morality. Allah begins to plant the idea that conviction of faith may indeed have a high price: they may be forced to leave their homes. The Prophets of the past are evoked to give the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, confidence that he is indeed the Final Messenger. The weight of Revelation at the point could be seen as having a toll on the Prophet. Abu Bakr commented, We see the signs of old age beginning to show on you”. The Prophet, peace be upon him responded, “Surah Hud and similar surahs have aged me”. al-Tirmidhi.
Islam Confronts Superstitions: (v1-5) the pagan Arabs had superstitions about being naked, either in relations with their spouses or when relieving themselves. Allah informs them they are seen be Allah no matter how they try to hide themselves.

Juz' #12: Hud (11: 6) » Yusuf (12: 52)

Faithlessness Cannot Be Hidden: (v6-8).
Be Firm in Faith: (v12-24).
Noah’s People Rejected Him As the Prophet’s People Reject Him: (v25-35) Allah draws parables for the Prophet, peace be upon him, to comfort him in his frustrations in preaching.
The Flood of Nuh (Noah): (v36-49).
The People of ‘Ad and Their Prophet, Hud: (v50-60) Allah sent Prophets and Messengers to all peoples. Hud, peace be upon him, was sent to ancient Arabia. He calls them to abandon idolatry and follow him.
The People of Thamud and Their Prophet, Salih: (v61-68) like the People of ‘Ad, the Thamudians also had a Prophet, Salih, peace be upon him. He provided the miracle of the She-Camel, which they slaughtered and Allah destroyed them for their gross disobedience.
The Abomination of the People of Lut (Lot): (v69-83) the people of Lut (Lot), peace be upon him, are destroyed for unwillingness to leave off committing homosexual acts.
The People of Madyan and Their Prophet, Shu’ayb: (v84-110) like the Prophets and their communities in the previous verses, the Message was delivered to a stubborn audience. But like each community, their stubbornness did not save them as they were powerless against Allah. These are like patterns woven into history (v96-110).
Sincere Belief Defined: (v111-115) Go straight as you have been commanded, and also those who turn with you to Allah, and do not exceed the bounds. Allah sees what you do (v112).
Why Do People Disbelieve: (v116-123) Would that there had been more people with a vestige of good among the generations of those who came before you, who forbade corruption in the earth, other than the few among them whom We saved. Those who did wrong gladly pursued the life of luxury that they were given and were evildoers (v116).
Yusuf: the twelfth chapter of the Qur’an, named after Prophet Yusuf (Joseph), peace be upon him, is another chapter dealing with stories of the Prophets, rejection and theology. A late-Makkan surah, it was revealed at a time when the enemies of the Muslims were gaining a fever pitch, publicly. At the suggestion of some Jews from Yathrib, the pagan Arabs sought to discredit the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, by asking him to relate a story that only the Jews of that region should have known: the story of Yusuf, peace be upon him. After receiving Revelation, the Prophet, peace be upon him, proceeding to recite the entire story of Yusuf, peace be upon him. Shortly after this, an envoy of visitors from Yathrib (Madinah) came to the Prophet, peace be upon him, and pledged their shahadah at ‘Aqabah.
Even Prophetic Families Were Visited by Strife: (v1-20) it is significant to note that while Yusuf’s family, peace be upon him, were of a lineage of Prophets, they still suffered from similar family issues.
Enslaved in Egypt: (v21-29) after being tossed down a well, Yusuf, peace be upon him, is brought to Egypt and bought as a slave.
The Drama of Male- Female-Relations: (v30-35) Zulaykha, Potiphar’s wife, attempts to seduce Yusuf, as he is exceedingly handsome. Yusuf relates that if it were not for Allah’s intervention, his soul (nafs ‘ammarah bi’su’) would have called him to commit an heinous act.
Man Truly Has But One Master: (v36-42) My fellow-prisoners, are many lords better, or Allah, the only One, the Conqueror?.

Juz' #13: Yusuf (12: 53) » Ibrahim (14: 52)

Reconciliation and Trust in Allah: (v58-68) Yusuf, peace be upon him, is reunited with his brother (who threw him into a well!) and forgives them. Ya’qub (Jacob), peace be upon him, must trust sending Yusuf out again despite his others sons’ misdeeds. In the end he says, “How will my trusting him to your care be different from entrusting his brother before? The Best of Guardians, however, is Allah. He is the Most Merciful of the merciful”.
The Natural Signs of Allah: (v105-111) the earth is filled with the abundant signs of Allah, if people would only pay them heed: “How many Signs there are in the heavens and earth! Yet they pass them by, turning away from them” (v105).
The Thunder: the thirteenth chapter of the Qur’an, another teaching chapter, was revealed also in the latter Makkan period, with a few verses being revealed in Madinah. It encapsulates many of the themes the proceeding chapters while introducing powerful new imagery regarding the Here-After. The surah is named after the 13th verse in which Allah says, “The thunder glorifies Allah’s praise, as do the Angels, out of fear of Allah”.
Allah Envelops Everything: (v1-11) nothing escapes Allah grasp, knowledge or awareness.
The Natural World As A Reminder: (v12-17) “He sends down water from the sky and river-beds fill up and flow according to their size” (v17).
The Path of Salvation, The Path of Perdition: (v18-26).
The Qur’an’s Message Is a Weighty One: (v31-32) our destiny is either the Garden or the Fire, whether we are obedient or not.
Victory Will Ultimately Be the Prophet’s: (v38-43) “Allah is a sufficient witness between you and me” (v43).
Ibrahim: the fourteenth chapter of the Qur’an, it was also revealed late in the Makkan period. It reinforces the notion that belief (iman) and rejection of Truth (kufr) can never be mixed together. It is foreshadows the threat to the Prophet’s life, peace be upon him, and the inevitable need to migrate.
Mankind Ignores Allah’s Message: (v1-17) The Rejectors of Truth said to their Messengers, ‘We will drive you from our land unless you return to our religion.’ Their Lord revealed to them, ‘We will destroy those who do wrong’.” (v13).
The Price for Committing Evil: (v18-23) “The metaphor of those who reject their Lord is that their actions are like ashes scattered by strong winds on a stormy day. They have no power at all over anything they have earned. That is extreme misguidance” (v18).
Parable of the Two Trees: (v24-27) “a good tree whose roots are firm and whose branches are in heaven? It bears fruit regularly by its Lord’s permission. Allah makes metaphors for people so that hopefully they will pay heed” (v24).
Allah’s Bounty Is Limitless: (v28-34) “He has given you everything you have asked Him for” (v34).
Allah Delays Punishment For Due Reasons: (v42-47) “Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate. He is merely deferring them to a Day on which their sight will be transfixed” (v42).
Day of Judgment is Promised: (v58-52) Allah will repay every self for what it earned. Allah is swift at reckoning (v51).

Juz' #14: al-Hijr (15: 1) » al-Nahl (16: 128)

The Rocky Tract: the fifteenth chapter of the Qur’an, was revealed in the latter Makkan period. By this time the pagan Arabs had begun to heavily persecute the Muslims in Makkah. Despite the preaching of the Prophet, peace be upon him, to illustrate the false nature of idolatry, most Makkans clung to their cultural traditions even more so. This surah consoles the Prophet, peace be upon him, as well as advises him to carry on. The Prophet, peace be upon him, and his Companions are encouraged to hope for Allah, and Allah alone, to change their circumstances.
The Faithless Mock the Faithful: (v1-15) a common motif, those of no faith mock those of belief for no reason other than having it.
Signs of Allah: (v16-23) to call the idolaters to Truth, the Qur’an encourages them, ceaselessly, to look to the natural world for the proof.
The Story of Satan: (v26-50) again, Allah repeats the story of Iblis, a once faithful slave of Allah, whose downfall was due to his arrogance, unwilling to bow to Adam, peace be upon him.
Allah Destroys the Wicked: (v51-84) from the time of Ibrahim and of Lut (Lot), peace be upon them, Allah destroyed societies that capitulated to normalizing wicked behavior.
Put Your Faith in Allah, Not People: (v85-99) disheartened, the Prophet was extolled to continue preaching despite the initial response and that ultimately it was in Allah’s hands if people believed. Do not direct your eyes longingly to what We have given certain of them to enjoy. Do not feel sad concerning them. And take the Believers under your wing (v88).
The Bee: the sixteenth chapter of the Qur’an, its revelation comes after the first hijrah to Abyssinia. This chapter relates the stories of ancient communities of faith who also faced persecution to bolster them in their belief. It also highlights how a people can so easily be given over to oppression and cruelty. This chapter also highlights some of the main objectives of the Message of Islam: reforming behavior and personal conduct and created a compassionate society. It also points out the baseless claims of the pagan, that their beliefs were entirely fabricated.
Ultimate Judgement Will Come To Pass: (v1-4) one of the pagan poets, al-Nadr ibn al-Harith, taunted the Prophet, peace be upon him, that Allah ought to send down stones to punish them, hastening their punishment if it were true: “Allah’s command is coming, so do not try to hasten it. Glory be to Him! He is exalted above anything they associate with Him” (v1).
Allah Provides for the Creation: (v5-21).
Two Ultimate Ends: (v22-34) rejection of Truth will result in everlasting punishment. Acceptance of it, the Garden.
Allah Promises to Raise the Dead: (v35-40) not unlike today, the pagan Arabs objected to the notion of life again after death. Allah makes a promise that this is true.
The Prophet Muhammad is Confirmed as a Prophet and Messenger: (43-50).
Allah is Alone, One, without Partner or Dual: (v51).
Refutation of Paganism: (v53-64) “They allot to Allah what they themselves dislike and their tongues frame the lie that they will receive the Best. There is no doubt at all that they will receive the Fire and that they are people who go to excess.” (v62).
Ponder the Signs of Allah: (v65-70) the rain, the sky, the earth: all are signs of Allah.
Be Grateful: (v77-83) “Allah brought you out of your mothers’ wombs when you didn’t know a single thing!” (v78).
A Witness to Truth from Every Community: (v84-89) there will be no excuse on That Day for not believing.
Fulfill Your Contract with Allah: (v90-97) “Allah commands justice and doing good and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency and doing wrong and tyranny. He warns you so that hopefully you will pay heed.” (v90).
No Man Taught the Prophet: (v103-105) the pagans, looking for any chance to ridicule the Prophet, made false claims to that two foreign blacksmiths taught him what he was reciting.
Disavowal of Faith in a Time of Duress: (v106-111) due to the harsh persecution of the Quraysh, some Muslim were forced to renounce their faith in order to save their lives. Done for these reasons, no fault was on them.
Ibrahim and the Tradition of Dietary Restrictions: (v114-123) Allah commands to the faithful eat from that which is pure and to follow the path of Ibrahim in theology.

Juz' #15: al-Isra' (17: 1) » al-Kahf (18: 75)

The Night Journey: the seventeenth chapter of the Qur’an, its revelation comes towards the end of the Muslims stay in Makkah. A few of its verses are also revealed in Madinah. By now, Islam had not only spread amongst a considerable following in Makkah but had also attracted new, dedicated converts in Madinah: the Ansar.
This chapter is of the amazing journey the Prophet, peace be upon him, took, first to Jerusalem (al-Quds) on the Buraq (an animal smaller than a mule but bigger than a donkey), and then finally with Jibril (Gabriel), peace be upon him, to the limits of existence (Sidrah al-Muntaha):
Anas reported the Prophet said, peace be upon him, “I was raised to the Lote Tree (Sidrah al-Muntaha) and saw four rivers, two of which were coming out and two going in. Those which were coming out were the Nile and the Euphrates, and those which were going in were two rivers in paradise. Then I was given three bowls, one containing milk, and another containing honey, and a third containing wine. I took the bowl containing milk and drank it. It was said to me, ‘You and your followers will be on the right path (of Islam)’.” Sahih al-Bukhari, 5610.
It is also from this journey that the Salah (mandatory prayer) were prescribed, initially being 50 times a day. After returning from his journey, peace be upon him, many doubted its veracity, with Abu Bakr publicly attesting to his belief in it.
The Children of Israel Were Punished for Their Disobedience: (v1-8).
Guidance and Choices: (v9-21) the Qur’an is a Book of Guidance but we must still, ourselves, act upon it.
Compassion for Parents and Good Character: (v22-30) Allah commands Believers to treat their parents well and to be generous with their wealth in charity.
Seven Wise Maxims: (v31-39) [1] don’t kill your children out of fear of providing for them [2] don’t approach fornication - it is a gateway to other sins [3] do not take the life of someone Allah has made inviolable unless there is a just cause - even then do not go beyond sane limits [4] do not steal from orphans [5] give full measure in transactions and do not cheat people [6] beware of spreading false testimony - mind your own business [7] do not walk about with false pride.
Idolatry is Illogical: (v40-44).
The Rejectors of Truth Deny the Resurrection: (v50-52).
No Escaping Ultimate Reality: (v56-60).
Shaytan’s (Satan) Challenge to Allah: (v61-65) Iblis refuses to bow to Adam and claims he is superior to him, peace be upon him. Allah states that Shaytan has no power over anyone.
Safety Lies with Allah Alone: (v66-70).
Nature of the Spirit and Mankind’s Worth: (v85-89) “If both men and Jinn banded together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could never produce anything like it, even if they backed each other up.” (v88).
The Qur’an is the Truth: (v105-109).
The Cave: the eighteenth chapter of the Qur’an, its revelation deals with things spiritual in nature. Abu al-Darda’ reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “If anyone memorizes ten verses from the beginning of surat al-Kahf, he will be protected from the trial of Dajjal (Antichrist)” Sunan Abi Dawud, 4323.
Also revealed at the time of the first hijrah, the Makkans dispatched an envoy containing al-Nadr ibn al-Harith and ‘Uqbah ibn Abi Mu’yat to the Jews in Madinah, asking them to give their opinion on whether or not Muhammad, peace be upon him, was a true Prophet. The instructed the pagan Arabs to ask the Prophet concerning a group of young men who left their city to seek refuge in a cave (v9). Despite the Prophet’s ability to answer their questions, the Makkan continued their persecution of the Muslims, giving credence to the fact that one must face oppression and not seek to appease it.
This surah also was revealed at a time of extreme difficulty for the Prophet, peace be upon him, as it also coincided at the death of his beloved wife, Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her. Additionally, the Prophet’s uncle, Abu Talib, passed away. He was his main source of social protection. The conditions were set by Allah to teach the Prophet, peace be upon him, and his Companions, that one’s only guardian is Allah and that eventually, all hardships pass.
A Call to Purity in Faith: (v1-8) Allah warns the pagans again that Allah has not taken a son.
The Sleepers of the Cave: (v9-26) a group of pious youths escaped their society and its corruptive influence by hiding out in a cave. Allah caused them to sleep for hundreds of years (akin to suspended animation).
Don’t Forget to say “If Allah Wills…”: (v23-24) when the Prophet, peace be upon him, was first asked about the Companions of the Cave, he stated Allah would provide the answer to him the next day without saying “if Allah wills” (in sha’Allah). Allah reminds the Prophet of this mistake in the verse, “Never say about anything, ‘I will do that tomorrow,’ … without adding ‘If Allah wills.’ Remember your Lord when you forget.” (v23-24).
Beware of Tailoring Islam to Fit People’s Desires: (v27-31) several prominent Makkans approached the Prophet, peace be upon him, that they would sit and listen to him if he would send off some of his Companions who were poor and shabby: “Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face. Do not turn your eyes from them, desiring the attractions of this world.” (v28).
Boastful Pride in the Garden: (v32-44) Allah relates the parable of two men, one of them arrogant, who struts about in his garden, claiming it will never end.
The Purpose of Life: (v45-53) Allah tells us the nature of life and death, in that all that lives, dies. Stacking up wealth is a major distraction that ultimately leads to our doom in the Here-After.
Musa (Moses) and al-Khidr: (v60-75) Musa (Moses), peace be upon him, meets a blessed slave of Allah, who has been given special knowledge and jurisdiction by Allah. Many of the actions that al-Khidr takes befuddle Musa’s sensibilities. In the end, what seemed unthinkable was shown to be correct, only through Allah’s perspective.
A special note on al-Khidr: many Muslims believe him to be immortal. This is nothing other than superstition and folklore. The Prophet, peace be upon him, relates, “There is no soul born upon the earth today who will come one hundred years from now” al-Tirmidhi, 2250.

Juz' #16: al-Kahf (18: 175) » Ta Ha (20: 135)

Musa (Moses) and al-Khidr (con’t): (v75-82) Musa (Moses), peace be upon him, meets a blessed slave of Allah, who has been given special knowledge and jurisdiction by Allah. Many of the actions that al-Khidr takes befuddle Musa’s sensibilities. In the end, what seemed unthinkable was shown to be correct, only through Allah’s perspective.
A special note on al-Khidr: many Muslims believe him to be immortal. This is nothing other than superstition and folklore. The Prophet, peace be upon him, relates, “There is no soul born upon the earth today who will come one hundred years from now” al-Tirmidhi, 2250.
He of Two Horns: (v83-101) many falsely speculate that Dhul’Qarnayn (He of the Two Horns) was Alexander the Great. There is no justification for this in Islamic scholarship. Dhul’Qarnayn traveled widely, bring justice to wherever he went. He ultimately encountered Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog), sealing them until the last days when Allah will unleash them again.
Allah’s Wisdom and Knowledge Are Boundless: (v109) “Say: ‘If all the sea was ink to write down the Words of my Lord, it would run out long before the Words of my Lord ran out,’ even if We were to bring the same amount of ink again.”.
The Prophet Is No More than a Man: (v110) “Say: ‘I am only a human being like yourselves”.
Mary, Mother of Jesus: the nineteenth chapter of the Qur’an, surah Maryam also deals with spiritual matters. It addresses the true nature of Isa ibn Maryam (Jesus the son of Mary), his prophethood and his blessed mother. They were both pious slaves of Allah. Abu Huraira stated, “Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him, said, ‘Both in this world and in the Hereafter, I am the nearest of all the people to Jesus, the son of Mary. The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one’.” Sahih al-Bukhari, 3443.
In the first hijrah (migration), a small group of Muslims sought solace with Najashi (Ashama ibn-Abjar), the ruler of Abyssinia. It was a portion of this surah that they recited to Abyssinians, who after hearing it, granted the Muslims sanctuary in their land.
The Story of Mary, Jesus and John the Baptist: (v1-40) these verses cement the Qur’anic claim of Islam being an inheritor and reformer of those scriptures that came before. Allah corrects the misguided notion of Jesus being a son of Allah and confirms that Jesus, Mary and John the Baptist, along with Zachariah, knew this to be true.
Belief is in the Heart, Not the Family: (v41-50) Ibrahim, peace be upon him, splits from the idolatry of his father.
Connecting Islam to the Previous Messengers: (v51-63).
The Hell-Fire is Real: (v66-72).
Allah Gives Everyone a Chance: (v73-76).
All Actions Are Recorded: (v77-87).
Allah Has No Children or Partners: (v88-98).
Ta Ha: the twentieth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in a time of tremendous upheaval in Makkan society. A group of about 80 Muslims sought sanctuary in Abyssinia. Makkans were being torn apart based on their religious affiliations.
Amidst this strife, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab sought to end it once and for all. He grabbed his sword and set out the kill the Prophet, peace be upon him. Upon reading a few verses from surah Ta Ha, he embraced Islam. The Prophet, peace be upon him, asked Allah to give him either his uncle Abul Hakim ibn Hisham (Abu Jahl) or ‘Umar. Allah guided  ‘Umar to Islam. He would be one of the most pivotal converts to Islam.
The Children of Israel, Musa (Moses) and the Showdown Between Allah and Pharaoh: (v1-80) Allah again relates the story of Musa, confronting the tyranny of Pharaoh. Musa pleaded with Pharaoh to renounce his oppression. Allah promises to protect Musa when Pharaoh rejects his offer. The final result of Pharaoh’s arrogance is the destruction of his rule, the annihilation of his army and the loss of his own life and salvation in the Here-After.
The Magnitude of the Here-After: (v98-114) upon being raised, it will feel like we were in the grave for only a night and a day, no matter how long we were there.
The Story of Adam: (v115-135) Allah tells of Adam’s expulsion from Paradise and how Iblis (Satan) became a sworn enemy to him and his offspring. Ultimately, through prayer (salah) and perseverance (sabr) we can achieve victory over Shaytan.

Juz' #17: al-Anbiya (21: 1) » al-Hajj (22: 78)

The Prophets: the twenty-first chapter of the Qur’an, it too deals with spiritual topics. Chief of them the notion that Allah would speak only to and through elect members of the human community. The pagans had great difficulty in accepting (a) that there was such a thing as Revelation and (b) that there was a life again after death. This false understanding of religion led the pagan Arabs to develop a harsh culture, one in which one’s value was rooted in a mix of personal bravery and deeds and bragging. Islam came to purge cultures of this negative aspects and to encourage the good ones within them.
There is no Equal to Allah’s Power: (v1-29).
Natural Signs of Allah: (v30-35).
Only the Foolish Reject the Truth: (36-41).
Act Before It’s Too Late: (v42-50).
The Prophet’s Challenge is Like That of Ibrahim: (v52-75).
Connecting to the Prophet’s of Old: (v76-94) the Prophet, peace be upon him, is often referred to as Khatim al-Anbiya’ (Seal of the Prophets). These verses illustrate the pagans as well as the Jews and Christians that Islam not something new or fabricated but a continuation of Allah’s message to humanity.
Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog) a Sign of the End of Times: (v96-97).
Contemplate the Ridiculousness of False Idols: (v98-112).
The Hajj (Pilgrimage): the twenty-second chapter of the Qur’an begins a series of chapters that give instruction on religious life. Partly revealed in Makkah, partly in Madinah, its voice reflects the changing and maturing nature of the fledgling Muslim community. It also was revealed at a time when the Makkans began to raid the Madinan Muslims and hoped they would be given permission by Allah to defend themselves.
Man’s Origins and the Resurrection: (v1-6).
Allah’s Will Always Prevails: (v14-24) there’s no need to panic, as Allah’s will always prevails.
Hajj’s Origin Story - Ibrahim (Abraham): (v26-33).
Why Do We Sacrifice at Hajj: (v34-37) “symbols of obedience” (v36).
Permission to Fight Back Against One’s Oppressor: (v38-41).
Shaytan (Satan) an Eternal Enemy: (v49-57).
Allah Decreed Many Religions Throughout the Ages but Never Idolatry: (v67-72).

Juz' #18: al-Mu’min (23: 1) » al-Furqan (25: 20)

The Believers: the twenty-third chapter of the Qur’an, instructs the Believers in the true nature of faith. For one, it is not only concept but action (v4). It also came to give the Muslims a boost of faith as there were in the midst of a gripping famine. This surah encourages the belief in Allah, as the One Creator, and to be mindful of the Judgment to come. It also clearly lays out the qualities a Believer should strive for in the first ten verses.
The Cycles of Human Existence: (v12-16) we are created from the extractions of clay, from semen, from a clump of flesh, then we are born.
The Story of Nuh (Noah) and the Rise and Fall of Nations: (v23-51).
The Quraysh Have Use Up All Their Excuses to Not Believe: (v62-77) Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, relates these verses were in reference to the pagan Arabs.
Belief is Not Complicated: (v78-92) Allah has given us all of our senses (sight, hearing, touch, etc.) so that me may discern the truthfulness of Allah’s existence unaided by technology.
No Death-Bed Confessions: (v99-115) belief has to be during life, not at the moment of death.
Praise Allah: (v116-118).
The Light: the twenty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, this surah sees the Muslims just on the tail end of their defeat by the pagans at Uhud. They are facing hostility from every quarter. In one encounter in which the Muslims faced the Tribe of Mustaliq, the Muslims took a number combatants into custody, including the Mustaliq chieftain's daughter, Juwayriyyah. The Prophet freed her and then married her. This method of conflict resolution led to the Mustaliq to embrace Islam.
This chapter also deals with the incident of A’ishah’s “guilt”: when returning from an expedition, she was left behind. The Hypocrites used this as an opportunity to attack the Prophet. In the end, A’ishah was of course exonerated by Revelation itself.
Maintain Purity in Faith Even in Hardship: (v3-5) some poor Companions, having no funds to secure a dowry, sought to court prostitutes. Allah declared this unlawful. Additionally, respectable women should not be slandered.
Accusations of Adultery: (v6-10) adultery is a serious crime and equally, the burden of proof is also exceedingly hard. The faithful should never fear that anyone will ultimately get away with anything.
A’ishah Exonerated From Accusations of Adultery: (v11-20).
Don’t Follow Shaytan (Satan) or Hold Grudges: (v21-22) let go of the pass and be mindful of Shaytan.
Modesty and Mannerisms: (v27-31) ask permission to enter homes and lower the gaze.
Marriage - A Social Institution For Everyone: (v32-34).
Allah Is the Light of the Heavens and the Earth: (v35-38).
Everything, In Its Own Way, Praises Allah: (v41-46).
Allah Promises the Believers Relief Soon: (v55-57).
Less Dress Restrictions For Elderly Women: (60).
Manners Towards the Prophet: (v62-64).
The Benchmark: the twenty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, it deals with many challenges hurled at the Prophet, peace be upon him. The pagans insisted on the existence of many gods and pressured the Muslims to concede to this. Mostly revealed in Makkah, some parts may have been revealed in Madinah.
Incessant Criticisms from the Pagans: (v1-21).

Juz' #19: al-Furqan (25: 21) » al-Naml (27: 55)

The Consequences of Weak Faith and Social Pressures: (v25-34) a former friend of the Prophet’s, peace be upon him, ‘Uqbah ibn Mu’yat, used to sit with the Prophet. When the Prophet proclaimed Islam and his Prophethood, initially ‘Uqbah did so as well. However he caved to the pressures of ‘Ubayy ibn Khalaf, a staunch opponent of the Prophet and of Islam. ‘Uqbah eventually renounced his Islam, even publicly chastising the Prophet. Allah speaks of the torture he will endure for his lack of faith (v26).
Oppression of Other Messengers: (v35-44) many of the pagans said that the Prophet’s circumstances were due to Allah’s displeasure with him. Allah revealed that oppression was visited on almost all of the Messengers by their people.
Signs of Allah in the Creation: (v45-52).
Meeting Hostility with Dignity: (v63-77) “The slaves of the All-Merciful are those who walk lightly on the earth and, who, when the ignorant speak to them, say, ‘Peace’ ” (v63).
The Poets: the twenty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, it address the persistent denial of the pagan Arabs of the Message of Islam. They often claimed they rejected it due to the Prophet, peace be upon him, producing no miracles. Ironically, the greatest miracle of all sat under their noses: the Qur’an. That an unlettered man such as the Prophet, who was also neither a poet, was able to deliver such eloquent speech. Much of this surah is to console the Prophet and to continue preaching.
Musa and Harun Sent to Pharaoh: (v11-17) there are many similarities between the Prophet, Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron), in that they all had to preach to a hostile audience.
Pharaoh and the Sorcerers Defeated: (v18-51).
Allah Saves the Children of Israel: (v52-68).
Ibrahim (Abraham) Confronts His Father’s Idolatry: (v69-89) similar to the Prophet confronting the Makkans, whom he loved, as well as his uncle, Abu Talib, who did not believe.
No Second Chances: (v90-104) the opportunity for belief comes but once, during life, and there are no deathbed confessions.
The Ancient Communities Also Denied Their Messengers: (v105-191) from Nuh’s people (Noah), to the People of ‘Ad, Thamud, the People of Lut (Lot), the people of Madyan: they all denied their Prophets and they were all destroyed.
Evil Cannot Fashion Good: (v210-220) “The devils did not bring the Qur’an down. It is not in congruence with their values and they are not capable of producing it.” (v210-211).
The Ant: the twenty-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, is another in a series of chapter that instruct humanity in the belief of Allah. It also highlights that while humans have an elevated position in the Creation (given to them by Allah), other creatures also communicate and matter to Allah.
The Book is a Source of Guidance For Those Who Pray: (v1-v6).
The Prophets and Other Select Humans Are Elected by Allah: (v7-44) Allah relates the choosing of Musa (Moses) as well as highlighting the stories of Sulayman (Soloman) and Dawud (David), all Prophets and even Bilqis, the Queen of Sheba.
The Assassins of the She-Camel: (v48-53) nine conspirators assassinated the she-camel Allah had given to the people of Thamud as a miracle. They savagely killed it and within three days (as was Salih’s promise) Allah annihilated them.
Prohibition Against Homosexuality: (v55) Lut (Lot), peace be upon him, admonishes his people for practicing homosexual acts. When they refuse to repent and change, Allah destroyed them.

Juz' #20: al-Naml (27: 56) » al-Ankabut (29: 45)

The Challenge to Shirk: (v59-66) which is better, Allah?, or those the pagans associate with Allah?.
Denial of the Resurrection: (v67-75) “They ask, ‘After we’re dust, are we truthfully going to be raised again?’ “ (v67).
Resolving Disputes Amongst the Jews: (v76-81) “Certainly this Qur’an narrates to the tribe of Israel most of the things about which they differ.” (v76).
Allah Has the Final Word: (v86-93) “On the Day the Trumpet is blown and everyone in the heavens and everyone on the earth is terrified – except those Allah wills, everyone will come to Him abject.” (v87).
Ancient Tales: the twenty-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, it continues in tying threads of the past to the present, both to console the Prophet and to give the new community of Muslims a sense of belonging and continuity. Part of this surah was revealed while the Prophet, peace be upon him, Abu Bakr and another man (by most accounts, a pagan) took a backwards route through the desert to escape the Makkans who sought to assassinate him. Again, Allah conveys the message of inevitable triumph of Light over ignorance.
Musa (Moses), A Fugitive: (v1-28) just as the Prophet, peace be upon him, was a fugitive, running from the Makkans, so was Musa (Moses), peace be upon him. And like Musa, the Prophet, peace be upon him, would find a new home in a new land: Madinah.
Acceptance of the Book: (v51-55) guidance works so long as you accept it actively.
You Cannot Guide Whom You Love: (v56) the Prophet had great love for his uncle, Abu Talib, as he supported the Prophet for much of his life. But in the end, guidance is solely in the hands of Allah.
Hedging Your Bets: (v57-60) many of the pagan Arabs felt that if they embraced Islam, there would be a backlash against them economically from the other Arab tribes.
Argue As You Might, All Will Return to Allah: (v68-70)
Night and Day - Both Are Signs of Allah: (v71-75).
The Greed of Qarun: (v77-84) favored by Pharaoh, Qarun was a Hebrew who grew rich under Pharaoh to such an extent that the keys to his wealth alone required strong men to carry them.
Never Give Up, No Matter the Odds: (v85-88)
The Spider: the twenty-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, its revelation comes towards the middle-Makkan period, just prior to the first hijrah to Abyssinia. The faithful are tested, subjected to physical and psychological abuse at the hands of their fellow tribesmen. It ends with a call from Allah to stand firm and weather the storm.
Belief and Strife: (v1-7) “Do people imagine that they will be left to say, ‘We have faith,’ and will not then be tested?” (v1).
Obedience Has Limits: (v8-9) the Qur’an commands the faithful to be obedient to their parents. But when it comes to belief in Allah, one may disobey, in the best manner, to preserve one’s faith and salvation.
Belief and Hardship: (v10-11) “Among people there are some who say, ‘We believe in Allah.’ However, if they undergo any hardship in Allah’s cause, they act as if the people who were oppressing them were somehow the very punishment of Allah laid upon them!” (v10).
No One Is Responsible For Another’s Faith: (v12-13).
The Faithless Are Violent: (v24-25) Ibrahim’s (Abraham) life was threatened by his own people for proclaiming la ilaha illa’Allah.
The Story of Lut (Lot): (v26-35) Allah retells the story Lut (Lot), peace be upon him, again to emphasize the abomination of their sin: homosexuality. Lut cries out to them to cease and repent but they only persisted to their ultimate destruction.
Madyan and Pharaoh Destroyed: (v36-40) the insolent, no matter how powerful, will be debased by Allah.
The Spider's Web - The Flimsiest Protection: (v41-44) “The metaphor of those who take protectors besides Allah is that of a spider which builds itself a house; but no house is flimsier than a spider’s house, if they only knew.” (v41).

Juz' #21: al-Ankabut (29: 46) » al-Ahzab (33: 30)

Rely On Allah: (v46-55) “Say: ‘Allah is a sufficient witness between me and you.’ He knows everything in the heavens and the earth. Those who believe in falsehood and reject Allah, they are the losers’ ” (v52).
A Direct Appeal From Allah: (v57) Allah appeals to His Believers to migrate, as the earth is expansive and Allah will provide.
Allah Cares and Provides For All: (v60-69) “How many creatures do not carry their provision with them! Allah provides for them and He will for you. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” (v60).
The Romans: the thirtieth chapter of the Qur’an, this surah addresses some claims that monotheism was weak, as Byzantium (a mostly Christian kingdom) was looking to fall under the onslaught of the Persians (idolaters). The pagan Arabs claimed this was a sign that the One God was defeated. This chapter presages that the Romans would not only not be defeated, but they would recover, embrace Islam, and be made victorious over their aggressors. This victory ushered in many new converts, encouraged at the accuracy of the Qur’an prediction.
Allah Knows the Past, the Present and the Future Alone: (v1-10).
Allah is Involved with the Affairs of Man: (v20-27).
Belief and Common Sense: (v28-32).
Ingratitude to Allah: (v33-38) “When We give people a taste of mercy, they rejoice in it. However, when hardship comes upon them, due to mistakes they made!, they plunge into despondency.” (v36).
Ponder the Natural World: (v46-51).
When Will Humanity Finally Listen: (v52-60) “You will not make dead men hear; you will not make deaf men hear the call, when they turn their backs in flight” (v52).
Luqman: the thirty-first chapter of the Qur’an, its name comes from legend, a pious man who instructs his son in the ways of piety and being conscious of the Next Life to Come.
Beware the Distractions of This Life: (v1-11) al-Nadir ibn al-Harith, a poet and provocateur of the Muslims, would harass them whenever he could. He often brought a slave-girl to sign when the Prophet, peace be upon him, would preach in public, calling them to delights versus the toil of piety.
Luqman the Wise: (v12-19) Luqman makes a number of appeals to his beloved son to believe in Allah, maintain prayer and do good deeds.
Have Hope to Meet Allah in Good Standing: (v31-33).
Allah Alone Has the Knowledge of the Unseen: (v34).
Prostration: the thirty-second chapter of the Qur’an, a Makkan surah dealing with piety and the final consequences of actions. Allah asks man to look at the fate of those who came before and decide what course of action they will take.
The After-Life is Real: (v10-17).
The Corrupt and the Righteous Are Never Equal: (v18-22).
Heed the Past to Not Repeat It: (v26-30).
The Confederates: the thirty-third chapter of the Qur’an, this surah was revealed around the same time the pagans mounted a massive attack on the Muslims in Madinah. In preparation for this, the outnumbered Muslim army dug a trench, at the behest of Salman al-Farisi. The enemy was composed of pagan Arabs from Makkan and some Jewish tribes so conspired to depose the Muslims (the Banu Nadir and the Banu Qurayzah). To make matters worse, the Hypocrites attempted to undermine the Muslims from within the city of Madinah. Through skillful subterfuge, the Muslims were able to capitalize on the insecurities the various factions harbored against one another and eventually the siege fizzled out.
Adopted Children Must Be Allowed to Preserve their Name and Heritage: (v4-6).
All of the Prophets Had the Same Mission: (v7-8).
The Siege of Madinah and the Call to Courage: (v9-22) “When they came at you from above you and below you, when your eyes rolled and your hearts rose to your throats, and you thought unworthy thoughts about Allah. At that point the muminun were tested and severely shaken” (v10-11).
Piety of the Wives of the Prophet: (v28-30) “O’ Prophet, tell your wives: ‘If you desire the life of the dunya and its finery, come and I will give you all you need and release you with kindness. But if you desire Allah and His Messenger and the Akhirah (Here-After), Allah has prepared an immense reward for those among you who are good-doers”.

Juz' #22: al-Ahzab (33: 31) » Ya Sin (36: 27)

The Prophet’s Wives Are Special Women: (v32-34) “Wives of the Prophet! you are not like other women provided you have taqwa. Do not be too soft-spoken in your speech lest someone with sickness in his heart becomes desirous. Speak correct and courteous words”.
Zayd ibn Harith, the Prophet’s Adopted Son: (v36-40) the Prophet’s adopted son, Zayd, married a distant cousin of the Prophet, peace be upon him, the lady Zaynab bint Jahsh. The married did not work out as Zaynab felt Zayd, a former slave, beneath her status. Despite the Prophet, peace be upon him, counseling them, they ended in divorce. Some time after the Prophet himself proposed to her and she accepted. The Jews and Hypocrites use this an an opportunity for scandal, claiming the Prophet stole Zaynab from Zayd.
*A side note: Zayd is the only Companion to have the hour of Allah speaking his name directly in Revelation.
Allah’s Message of Hope Amidst Adversity: (v41-44).
The Prophet’s Role: (v45-48) “O’ Prophet! We have sent you as a witness, and a bringer of good news and a warner, and a caller to Allah by His permission and a light-giving lamp” (v45-46).
The Prophet’s Duties Towards His Wives: (v51-52).
Proper Manners Towards the Prophet: (v54-58).
The Hijab Verse: (v59).
A Warning to the Hypocrites and the Coming of the Hour: (v60-68).
Obey Allah’s Commands: (v69-73).
The Land of Sheba: the thirty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, an early Makkan surah. The main gist of the chapter and the Prophet’s preaching, peace be upon him, was convincing the people that Allah was truly interested and involved in the affairs of man.
Allah is the Creator and Knows the Affairs of His Creation: (v1-9).
Dawud (David) and Sulayman (Solomon): (v10-14) two great Prophets of Allah.
The People of Sheba: (v18-21) the same fabled land that, many centuries before, Bilqis, the Queen of Sheba, hailed from. Allah recounts the telling of the flood that came upon them, inspired by Allah. The two tribes of Aws and Khazraj traced their lineage back to Sheba (modern day Yemen), and thus it was a tale they would recognize.
The Final Hour: (v22-30) “Say: ‘Our Lord will bring us all together and then will judge between us with the truth. He is the Just Decider, the All-Knowing’ ” (v26).
What Does Wealth Gain You: (v34-39) “It is not your wealth or your children that will bring you near to Us” (v37).
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah: (v46-52).
The Initiator: the thirty-fifth chapter of the Qu’ran, also an early Makkan surah, it is a passionate call for the pagans to abandon idolatry for Islam and monotheism before it’s too late.
A Call To Man - Heed the Signs of Allah: (v1-14).
Man is in Need of Allah: (v15-26) “Mankind! you are the poor in need of Allah whereas Allah is the Rich Beyond Need, the Praiseworthy.” (v15).
Follow the Signs: (v27-37) “Do you not see that Allah sends down water from the sky and by it We bring forth fruits of varying colours?” (v27).
Allah’s Warning is Clear: (38-41) “Say: ‘Have you thought about your partner gods, those you call upon besides Allah? Show me what they have created of the earth; or do they have a partnership in the heavens?’ Have We given them a Book whose Clear Signs they follow? No indeed! The wrongdoers promise each other nothing but delusion.” (v40).
Everyone Will Be Held Accountable: (42-45).
Ya Sin: the thirty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, revealed in Makkah. This surah has a beautiful poetic meter. Collected in Sunan Abu Dawud, the Prophet said, “recite Ya Sin over your dead.” It is seen as being an especially blessed surah.
Only Those Who Heed the Message Can Be Warned: (v1-12).
Idols Are Just Wood and Stone: (v20-27) “Am I to take as gods instead of Him those whose intercession, if the All-Merciful desires harm for me, will not help me at all and cannot save me?” (v23).

Juz' #23: Ya Sin (36: 28) » al-Zumar (39: 31)

Ponder the Signs: (v33-44) “A Sign for them is the dead land which We bring to life and from which We bring forth grain of which they eat” (v33).
Two Destinies - The Garden or The Fire: (v55-67).
The Qur’an is a Reminder Not Poetry: (v68-75).
Ignore the Jeers of the Foolish: (v76-83) ‘Ubayy ibn Khalaf teased the Prophet, peace be upon him, holding an old dry bone, asking “Do you think Allah can restore to life something like this after it is turned to dust?” The Prophet, peace be upon him, answered “yes”.
The Ranks: the thirty-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, it is from the middle-Makkan period. This surah’s main message is that Allah has and does constantly reach out to man, sending him Messengers with Books and Wisdom and calling him with His Signs.
Questioning the Skeptics: (v1-39) “Ask them for an opinion: is it they who are stronger in structure or other things We have created? We created them from sticky clay” (v11); “When they were told, ‘There is no god but Allah,’ they were arrogant and said, ‘Are we to forsake our gods for a mad poet?’ “ (v35-36).
Two Outcomes on the Day of Judgment: (v40-74) no amount of taunting will change this fact. And one’s lineage will not save you (v69).
The Continuity of Prophethood: (v75-99) Ibrahim (Abraham) inherits the ways of Nuh (Noah), peace be upon them both.
Faith Brings Rewards: (v100-113) Allah bestows upon Ibrahim (Abraham) a son (Isma’il). Allah calls upon Ibrahim to sacrifice his son. Allah accepts Ibrahim intention as enough, making it unnecessary to sacrifice Isma’il (Ishmael).
Musa, Harun, and Ilyas (Moses, Aaron and Elijah): (114-132).
Reflect on The Ruins of Sodom and Gomorrah: (v133-138) Allah destroyed the people of Lut (Lot), peace be upon him, and the Arab caravans still pass over them on their journies.
Allah Has No Offspring: (v149-182) the pagans still falsely claim Allah had daughters and other offspring.
The Letter Sad: the thirty-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in the late Makkan period, towards the Prophet’s uncle’s death, Abu Talib. Upon his deathbed the Quraysh chiefs petitioned the Prophet to accept their gods and they would acknowledge the Prophet’s religion. It is a chapter about faith and perseverance.
The Faithless Mock Religion: (v1-16).
Dawud (David) the Resilient: (v17-26) “Be steadfast in the face of what they say and remember Our slave Dawud, who possessed true strength. He truly turned to his Lord” (v17).
Sulayman (Solomon) the Righteous: (v30-40) “We gave Dawud Sulayman. What an excellent slave! He truly turned to his Lord” (v30).
The Patience of Ayyub (Job): (v41-48) “Remember Our slave Ayyub (Job) when he called on his Lord: ‘Shaytan (Satan) has afflicted me with exhaustion and suffering” (v41).
Reward and Punishment Based on Actions and Choices: (v49-64) “This is a Reminder. Those who have piety will have a good homecoming” (v49).
Muhammad is only a Warner: (v65-70) “Say: ‘I am only a warner. There is no god except Allah, the One, the All-Conquering” (v65).
Iblis’ Challenge: (v71-88) “By Your might, I will mislead all of them except for Your chosen slaves among them” (v82-83).
The Throngs: the thirty-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, also from the middle-Makkan period, speaks to the Next-Life and how people will be judged according to their beliefs and deeds. A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, stated the Prophet, peace be upon him, would recite this surah often at night.
Man Needs Allah - Allah Does Not Need Man: (v1-8).
Commit to Allah without Hesitation: (v9-16).
The Righteous Will Ultimately Be Successful: (v17-21).
Take the Warning Seriously: (v22).
The Qur’an is the Best of Reminders: (v23-31).

Juz' #24: al-Zumar (39: 32) » Fussilat (41: 46)

Fear No Idols: (v36-37) they have no power to harm or protect.
Only Allah is Your True Lord: (v38-48) “If you ask them, ‘Who created the heavens and the earth?’ they will say, ‘Allah.’ ” (v38).
Mankind is Weak by Nature: (v49-52).
Do Not Allow the Past to Cause You To Despair of Allah’s Mercy: (v54-63) “Turn in repentance to your Lord and submit to Him before punishment comes upon you” (v54).
Don’t Associate Partners with Allah: (v66).
Don’t Underestimate Allah: (v67) “They do not measure Allah with His true measure. The whole earth will be a mere handful for Him on the Day of Rising, the heavens folded up in His right hand”.
Judgment Day: (v68-75) the Trumpet will be blown and Men and Jinn will come in two throngs, with two destinies: the Garden or the Fire.
The Forgiver: the fortieth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. This surah begins a series of seven with the letters, Ha Mim at the beginning. Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, considered these seven surahs to be the essence of the Qur’an. They present an protracted engagement with the Faithless of Makkah and the Peoples of the Book to accept the Message of Islam.
Excessive Argumentation Can Lead to Loss of Faith: (v1-9).
Hell-Fire, Like the Garden, Is Earned: (10-20).
Arrogance Was Pharaoh’s Sin: (v21-52) his arrogance led him to set himself up as the Lord Most High (see Qur’an, 79: 24). His pride led him to equate himself with Allah.
What Allah Has Done For You: (v61-68) “Allah is He who appointed the night for you so that you might rest in it, and the day for seeing. Allah pours out His favour on mankind but most people do not show thanks” (v61).
The Deniers Will Learn the Truth - Only Then It May Be Too Late: (v69-85) “Do you not see those who argue about Allah’s Signs? How have they been turned around?” (v69); “When they saw Our violent force, they said, ‘We have faith in Allah alone and reject what we associated with Him.’ But when they saw Our violent force their faith was of no use to them” (v84-85).
A Clear Explanation: the forty-first chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah, towards the latter-Makkan period. One day, while the Prophet was sitting in the Ka’bah, he was approached by one of the Makkan nobles, a man by the name of ‘Utbah ibn Rabi’ah, Abu Sufyan’s uncle. In a dialog with the Prophet, peace be upon him, he offered to make the Prophet the riches of the Makkan, their chief, even their king. The Prophet replied by reciting some of this surah to which ‘Utbah said to the other Makkans, “By Allah!, I’ve heard something I’ve never heard before. By Allah, it’s neither poetry nor sorcery nor magic.”
‘Ad and Thamud: (v13-18) Allah again warns the Makkans of their ancestors who defied Allah and were destroyed.
The Body Testifies Against Its Owner: (v19-25) “when they reach (the Fire), their hearing, sight - even their skin!, will testify against them concerning what they did” (v20).
More Taunts by the Idolaters: (v26-32).
Ward of Evil with Good Deeds: (v33-36) some commentators have said this was in reference to Abu Bakr returning one’s man’s criticism of him by asking Allah to remove any qualities he may have actually had that the man criticized.
Allah’s Signs Are True: (v37-43).

Juz' #25: Fussilat (41: 47) » al-Jathiyah (45: 37)

Faith In Allah Is Not A Mistake: (v52) the pagans would claim the Prophet mistaken for believing in one God.
The Consultation: the forty-second chapter of the Qur’an, like its predecessor, was revealed in Makkah and is from the seven surahs beginning with Ha Mim.
The Prophet Is Inspired - Not Mad: (v1-9) “If Allah had willed, He would have made them a single nation. But He admits whoever He wills into His mercy and the wrongdoers have no protector and no helper” (v8).
Allah is Just and Fair: (v19-22).
The Prophet Seeks No Worldly Gain From Preaching: (v23-26).
Do Not Be Deluded Into Thinking Wealth Solves All Your Problems: (v27-43) “Were Allah to expand the provision of His slaves, they would act as tyrants on the earth. But He sends down whatever He wills in a measured way. He is aware of and He sees His slaves” (v27).
The Nature of the Revelation: (v51-53) “It does not befit Allah to address any human being except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or He sends a messenger who then reveals by His permission whatever He wills” (v51). A Jewish man once asked the Prophet, “If you're a prophet, then you have to see and speak to Allah directly like Musa (Moses).”
The Ornaments: the forty-third chapter of the Qur’an, it is the forth in the Ha Mim series. The pagans, unable to respond to the Message of the Qur’an, began to resort to violence against the Muslims as a means of countering the message. Instead of accepting the Message, the Makkan leadership decided to retaliate physically.
Recognize the Favors of Allah: (v1-14).
Ignorance of the Idolaters: (v15-25) “They have assigned to Allah a portion of His creatures! Truly man is openly ungrateful” (v15).
Allah Guides Whom He Wills: (v29-35).
Ignorance is Blinding: (v36-43) “Whosoever blinds himself to the remembrance of the Compassionate (al-Rahman) will have a devil assigned to him by Us to be his intimate confidant” (v36).
Musa (Moses) - A Noble Messenger: (v44-56).
Jesus - Prophet of Allah: (v57-65).
Paradise and Hell-Fire Are Real, Not a Concept: (v66-73) many of the pagan Arabs objected to life after death and could not imagine Paradise or the Fire being real.
People Make Up Their Own Conceptions of Allah: (v78-89) “Say: ‘If the All-Merciful (al-Rahman) had a son, I would be the first to worship him’ ” (v81).
The Smoke: the forty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, it continues the Ha Mim series. At one point, the Prophet, peace be upon him, invoked Allah to inflict a famine upon the Quraysh. The result was so severe Abu Sufyan himself came and pleaded with the Prophet that if he asked Allah to alleviate it, and He did, the Makkans would believe in him, peace be upon him. Of course, once the famine was lifted, the pagans still refused to believe.
Even When Given Clear Signs, They Doubt: (v9-16).
Pharaoh Did Not Heed the Warning and Was Destroyed: (v17-33) a warning to the Makkans.
The Trials and Delights of the After-Life: (43-59) “Those who were mindful of Allah will be in a safe place” (v51).
The Subjugation: the forty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, it continues the themes of the proceeding chapters: good and wicked behavior alike, will be rewarded.
A Person Is Only Responsible For Himself: (v13).
Judgment Based On Belief and Action: (v14-15).
Do Not Be Persuaded by the Ignorant: (v16-20).
Supreme Justice: (v22-37) “Say: ‘Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, and then will gather you together for the Day of Rising about which there is no doubt. But most people do not know it’ ” (v26).
Faith In Allah Is Not A Mistake: (v52) the pagans would claim the Prophet mistaken for believing in one God.
The Consultation: the forty-second chapter of the Qur’an, like its predecessor, was revealed in Makkah and is from the seven surahs beginning with Ha Mim.
The Prophet Is Inspired - Not Mad: (v1-9) “If Allah had willed, He would have made them a single nation. But He admits whoever He wills into His mercy and the wrongdoers have no protector and no helper” (v8).
Allah is Just and Fair: (v19-22).
The Prophet Seeks No Worldly Gain From Preaching: (v23-26).
Do Not Be Deluded Into Thinking Wealth Solves All Your Problems: (v27-43) “Were Allah to expand the provision of His slaves, they would act as tyrants on the earth. But He sends down whatever He wills in a measured way. He is aware of and He sees His slaves” (v27).
The Nature of the Revelation: (v51-53) “It does not befit Allah to address any human being except by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or He sends a messenger who then reveals by His permission whatever He wills” (v51). A Jewish man once asked the Prophet, “If you're a prophet, then you have to see and speak to Allah directly like Musa (Moses).”
The Ornaments: the forty-third chapter of the Qur’an, it is the forth in the Ha Mim series. The pagans, unable to respond to the Message of the Qur’an, began to resort to violence against the Muslims as a means of countering the message. Instead of accepting the Message, the Makkan leadership decided to retaliate physically.
Recognize the Favors of Allah: (v1-14).
Ignorance of the Idolaters: (v15-25) “They have assigned to Allah a portion of His creatures! Truly man is openly ungrateful” (v15).
Allah Guides Whom He Wills: (v29-35).
Ignorance is Blinding: (v36-43) “Whosoever blinds himself to the remembrance of the Compassionate (al-Rahman) will have a devil assigned to him by Us to be his intimate confidant” (v36).
Musa (Moses) - A Noble Messenger: (v44-56).
Jesus - Prophet of Allah: (v57-65).
Paradise and Hell-Fire Are Real, Not a Concept: (v66-73) many of the pagan Arabs objected to life after death and could not imagine Paradise or the Fire being real.
People Make Up Their Own Conceptions of Allah: (v78-89) “Say: ‘If the All-Merciful (al-Rahman) had a son, I would be the first to worship him’ ” (v81).
The Smoke: the forty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, it continues the Ha Mim series. At one point, the Prophet, peace be upon him, invoked Allah to inflict a famine upon the Quraysh. The result was so severe Abu Sufyan himself came and pleaded with the Prophet that if he asked Allah to alleviate it, and He did, the Makkans would believe in him, peace be upon him. Of course, once the famine was lifted, the pagans still refused to believe.
Even When Given Clear Signs, They Doubt: (v9-16).
Pharaoh Did Not Heed the Warning and Was Destroyed: (v17-33) a warning to the Makkans.
The Trials and Delights of the After-Life: (43-59) “Those who were mindful of Allah will be in a safe place” (v51).
The Subjugation: the forty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, it continues the themes of the proceeding chapters: good and wicked behavior alike, will be rewarded.
A Person Is Only Responsible For Himself: (v13).
Judgment Based On Belief and Action: (v14-15).
Do Not Be Persuaded by the Ignorant: (v16-20).
Supreme Justice: (v22-37) “Say: ‘Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, and then will gather you together for the Day of Rising about which there is no doubt. But most people do not know it’ ” (v26).

Juz' #26: al-Ahqah (46: 1) » al-Dhariyat (51: 30)

The Sand Dunes: the forty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, it is the last in the Ha Mim series. It covers a time of great difficulty for the Muslims, who were being boycotted by the Quraysh. It also coincides with the deaths of Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her, the Prophet’s wife, as well as his uncle, Abu Talib. The message of the Qur’an though, was not just for men. One the Prophet’s trip to Ta’if, peace be upon him, some Jinn heard him reciting a portion of this surah and embraced Islam.
Answering Skeptics: (v1-10).
Social Class Is No Barrier to Allah: (v11-14).
Acknowledging the Sacrifice of Parents and Our Duty Towards Them: (v15-20).
Hud Tries to Warn the People of ‘Ad: (v21-28).
The Jinn Accept the Message of Islam: (v29-32).
Allah’s Signs Will Strengthen Your Faith: (v33-35) “Do they not see that Allah – He who created the heavens and the earth and was not wearied by creating them – has the power to bring the dead to life? Yes indeed! He has power over all things” (v33).
The Praised One: the forty-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Madinan surah. It addresses the circumstances of the early Muslim community in Madinah.
Permission To Preserve One’s Life: (v4-6) after having been persecuted, even some killed, Allah gives the Muslims in Madinah permission to fight back.
Standing For the Truth Will Never Be Easy: (v13-15).
Skeptics and Believers: (v16-19) “Among them are those who listen to you and then, when they leave your presence, say to those who have been given knowledge, ‘What was that he just said?’ They are those whose hearts Allah has sealed up and who follow their own desires” (v16).
The Hypocrites: (v21-30) “What would happen if you Hypocrites were put in charge of things? Would you cause chaos in the land and betray your family ties?” (v22).
The Faithful Should Expect to be Tested: (v31-38).
The Victory: the forty-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Madinah. It covers a major victory which was the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, in which the Muslims would have a truce for ten years and would be allowed to make Hajj and ‘Umrah.
The Faithful Will Be Rewarded: (v1-10).
The Faithless Profess Their Excuses: (v11-14) “Those Arabs who remained behind will say to you, ‘Our wealth and families kept us occupied, so ask forgiveness for us’ ” (v11).
No Reward For the Reluctant: (v15-17).
The Pledge of Ridwan: (v19-23) when the Prophet went to negotiate the treaty with Quraysh, he sent his close friend, ‘Uthamn. ‘Uthman, however, had been gone quite a long time and some of the Muslims speculated that the Quraysh had killed him. The Prophet, peace be upon him, and the Muslims, pledged that if they had indeed killed ‘Uthman, they would fight them to the last man.
Allah Protects the Believers: (24-26).
A Good Plan Sometimes Requires Compromise: (v27-29).
The Private Chambers: the forty-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed towards the later part of the Madinan period. It refers to the private quarters of the Prophet’s wives and an incident in which some visitors from the Banu Tamim shouted at the Prophet to come out of his house.
No Need to Be Unruly: (v4-5).
Do Not Rush To Conclusions: (v6-8).
Respect One Another: (v9).
Be A Peacemaker: (v10).
Do Not Mock or Tease One Another: (v11-12).
No Preference of Race or Ethnicity: (v13).
Becoming Muslim is Not Doing Allah a Favor: (v14-18).
The Letter Qaf: the fiftieth chapter of the Qur’an, this early Makkan surah points to nature as the primary sign of Allah’s existence.
Mankind Is Surprised Allah Speaks to People: (v1-3).
Allah is Closer to You than Your Jugular Vein: (v16).
Everyone Will Be Paid For What The Earned: (v30-37).
Do Not Underestimate the Power of Allah: (38-45) Allah warns the Makkans to not underestimate Him as did their ancestors.
The Dispersal: the fifty-first chapter of the Qur’an, another early Makkan surah which points man to the natural world to recognize the signs of Allah.
The Faithless Are Heedless: (v1-23).
The Guests of Ibrahim (Abraham): (v24-30) three Angels, in the guise of men, visit Ibrahim.

Juz' #27: al-Dhariyat (51: 31) » al-Hadid (57: 29)

The Guests of Ibrahim (Abraham): (v27-46) three Angels, in the guise of men, visit Ibrahim. They inform him, peace be upon him, and his wife, they will have another son.
Meeting Allah On Good Terms Should Be the Final Goal: (v47-60).
Mount Tur: the fifty-second chapter of the Qur’an, it is also an early Makkan surah dealing with the reality of the Next Life and accountability while in this one.
A Description of Paradise: (v17-28).
Why Doesn’t Man Use His Senses: (v29-43).
The Skeptics Ask For Ridiculous Proofs: (v44-49) “If they saw a lump of heaven falling down, they would say, ‘Just a pile of clouds!’ ” (v44).
The Star: the fifty-third chapter of the Qur’an, an early Makkan surah. By this time the Makkans had started to pick on the weakest Muslims, those with no family, no tribe and no support. This chapter is the first full-length chapter to be recited in public (versus shorter ones or short sections).
Idols and Angels as Demigods: (v19-32) the pagans falsely claim Allah has daughters and some of the Angels are like demigods.
Religions of a Divine Source Taught the Same Message: (v38-62) for those religions that can be traced back to Divine sources, they professed a common message: “no burden-bearer can bear another’s burden; man will have nothing but what he strives for; his striving will most certainly be seen; he will then receive repayment of the fullest kind; and that the ultimate end is with your Lord” (v38-42).
The Moon: the fifty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, it too is from the early Makkan period. On the plain of Mina, under harassment from the Makkans, the Prophet, peace be upon him, performed such a miracle by splitting the moon in two before their very eyes. Initially astonished, the pagans eventually took to saying the Prophet bewitched them somehow. A king in Malabar, India, also witnessed the splitting, as had been predicted by their scholars. He sent some retainers to Arabia to investigate and upon their return, the people of Malabar were amongst the first Indians to embrace Islam.
The Prophet Splits the Moon: (v1-8) the Quraysh attempted to deny what they say that night later on.
Prophets of Old Were Also Rejected: (v10-42) from Nuh, to Hud, to Salih, Lut and Musa, the Prophets from before were all rejected by their peoples.
The Arrogance of those who Reject Truth: (v43-48) “Are your faithless people better than those people of the past’? Or have you been given exemption in the Books?” (v43).
Allah’s Power Is without Measure: (v49-55) “Our command is only one word, like the blinking of an eye” (v50).
The Compassionate: the fifty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, it comes in the middle-Makkan period. One of the most beloved surahs, for its rhyming meter. It reminds man- and Jinn-kind of the great bounty Allah has given them.
The Ordeal of the Final Hour: (v26-45).
The Delights of the Garden: (v47-78).
The Unavoidable: the fifty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in the early Makkan time period. It gives a sense of urgency regarding a tumultuous and unavoidable Day: Judgment Day.
Consider the Qur’an, Its Signs, and Take them Seriously: (v42-96).
Iron: the fifty-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in the late Madinan period, sometime after the Battle of Uhud, before the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. It encourages the Muslims to take an active role in shaping society.
Support Your Faith with Your Wealth: (v7-15).
The Natural World: (v16-24) “Know that Allah brings the earth to life after it was dead. We have made the Signs clear to you so that hopefully you will use your intellect” (v17).
The Chain of Prophethood: (v25-29) “We sent Our Messengers with the Clear Signs and sent down the Book and the Balance with them so that mankind might establish justice” (v25).

Juz' #28: al-Mujadilah (58: 1) » al-Tahrim (66: 12)

She Who Petitions: the fifty-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Madinah. One day, a woman named Khuwaylah bint Thalabah went to the Prophet, peace be upon him, and complained that her husband had divorced her according to pagan Arab traditions: he swore he had the same feelings towards her as he did his mother. The beginning of this surah addresses this issue.
The chapter seeks to address Khuwaylah’s justified complaint while not making the reparations too difficult on her husband, Aws ibn al-Samit. Initially asked to emancipate a slave as compensation, she states that is not possible. Next, to feed sixty people. She claims that too, is not possible. The Prophet offered to provide a basket of dates and that Allah would provide the other as a means of expiation for Aws’ sin. Aws was ashamed of his actions yet the community worked to try and aid him in atoning for his misdeed.
Years later Khuwaylah, now old, encountered ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, who was now the Amir al-Mu’minin (Leader of the Faithful) after the passing of the Prophet, peace be upon him. She spoke to him directly and said that when ‘Umar was younger they called him “‘Umayr” (a diminutive nickname). When he was older, they called him “‘Umar” and now they called him, “Leader of the Faithful”. ‘Umar’s servant asked who she was to address the Amir al-Mu’minin so. He replied, “if she spoke to me for the whole day, I would listen. Do you know who she is? Allah revealed a chapter about her, and if Allah can listen to her from the heavens, then who am I not to listen to her!”.
The Gathering: the fifty-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, it is a Madinan surah. In the year 624, the Muslims, outnumbered, managed to defeat the larger army from Makkah, at the wells of Badr. This gave the young Muslim community a boost of confidence. It also require their enemies to reassess their capabilities and take them seriously. However, a year later the Muslims were defeated in reverse conditions in which they had greater forces. This led some of the Muslims critics to think that perhaps they did not have Allah’s favor after all. This rumor was spread by the Hypocrites as well. Eventually, the pagan forces from Makkah convinced some of the Jewish community (Banu Nadir) to work cooperatively to assassinate the Prophet. This cabal proposed to meet, 30 followers from each side, for a summit. When the Banu Nadir saw how committed the Muslims were to the Prophet, they attempted to get him alone, proposing to meet with just three men in each party. They set an ambush but the Prophet was warned by a young Jewish man who had recently become Muslim, foiling the plot.
Another complication arose when ‘Amr ibn Umayyah Damuri, the sole survivor of an envoy of messengers sent by the Prophet, who were betrayed and massacred. Upon ‘Amr’s return, he met two pagans, whom he assumed were part of the tribe that massacred those 70 Muslims, and attacked and killed them. Upon his return to Madinah, ‘Amr learned those men were actually allied with the Muslims and Banu Nadir. The Prophet was required to pay bloodmoney to the families for their unintended loss. As the Banu Nadir were equally bound to this pledge, the Prophet when to the Banu Nadir to collect their money as well. They attempted another assassination and at this point the Muslims assailed them in their fortress, giving them an ultimatum: leave Madinah in tens days, or be attacked. The Banu Nadir attempted to contact the pagans in Makkah but they turned their backs on them. Eventually Banu Nadir sought mercy from the Prophet and they were expelled for treason, but were allowed to live.
Many of the encounters between the Muslims and the Jewish tribes have been mistakenly understood that the treatment of the Jews by the Muslims was (a) harsh and (b) due to some ingrained anti-semitism in Islam. The truth was that some of the Jewish tribes made treaties with the Muslims and then broke those treaties and threatened the Prophet’s life, peace be upon him. The Muslims reacted to these betrayals as an act of treason, betrayals that threatened the Muslims’ very existence.
She Who Is Interrogated: the sixtieth chapter of the Qur’an, it is a latter Madinan surah. It comes just as the pagans in Makkah broke the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. It reminds of the need for communal harmony and cooperation. It also commands them to stand up for themselves or their enemies will inflict cruelty upon them. But in the end, it reminds that an enemy today may one day be a friend or an ally tomorrow.
Be Firm and Open Minded At the Same Time: (5-9) Islam teaches to stand up for oneself and never let others oppress you. However, this should never lead you to be the oppressor yourself and Allah knows best if someone's heart may change for the better.
Marriage to Pagans Not Allowed: (v10) “All you who believe!, when believing women come to you as emigrants, confirm their belief. Allah has best knowledge of their faith. If you know they are believers, do not return them to the Rejecters of Truth. They are not permissible for the Deniers of Islam nor are the Deniers of Islam permissible for them. Give the Rejecters of Truth whatever dowry they paid. And there is nothing wrong in your marrying them provided you pay them their due. Do not hold to any marriage ties with women who are Deniers”.
Don’t Betray Your Cause: (v13) “All you who believe!, do not take people with whom Allah is angry with as protectors, who have despaired of the Next World as the Rejecters of Truth have despaired of the inhabitants of the graves”.
The Formations: the sixty-first chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Madinan surah. The opening verses address the mistake of some of the Prophet’s Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all, in disobeying the Prophet’s commands during the Battle of Uhud. Fifty archers abandoned their post to collect war booty, thinking the enemy was routed. This grave mistake allowed the Makkan army to mount a counter assault, turning the tide of the battle in their favor, resulting in heavy casualties for the Muslims. This chapter highlights the need for unity.
Friday Prayer: the sixty-second chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Madinah. The first portion of this surah addresses the treachery of the Jewish settlement in Khaybar, remnants of the Banu Nadir, who had previously attempted to betray the Muslims in Madinah. The Khaybar Jewish settlement attempted to rally the the pagan Arabs of Makkah, other Jewish tribes and some bedouin tribes into one great force to exterminate the Muslims.
The Mandate of Friday Prayer: (v9) this verse highlights the necessity to leave off buying and selling and go the mosque, a requirement for men.
The Hypocrites: the sixty-third chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. There were hardly any hypocrites in Makkah, just opponents. The Hypocrites possessed perhaps the greatest threat to the Muslims because outwardly, they appear to be Believers.
The Hypocrites Only Fool Themselves: (v1-4) When the hypocrites come to you, (Muhammad) they say, ‘We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah.’ Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are a pack of  liars!.
Only Hypocrites Withhold Supporting Allah’s Cause: (v7-8).
Do Not Let the World Rob You of the Remembrance of Allah: (9-11).
Dispossession: the sixty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Madinan surah. It deals essentially with practical matters of faith and life: hardships, family strife, balancing worldly commitments and commitment to Allah.
How To Handle Life’s Challenges - Good and Bad Are Controlled By Allah: (v11-13) “No misfortune occurs except by Allah’s permission. Whoever has faith in Allah – Allah will guide his heart. Allah has knowledge of all things”.
A Beautiful Loan: (v16-18) “If you make a generous loan to Allah He will multiply it for you and forgive you. Allah is All-Thankful, Most Forbearing”. This is in reference to helping the new Emigrants who left behind all that they had in Way of Allah.
Divorce: the sixty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, a Madinan surah. This chapter comes after the governance regarding divorce as outlined in the second chapter, al-Baqarah. Like the proceeding surah, the Qur’an recognizes that divorce, while disliked, is a fact of life and Muslims need to be instructed on how to conduct it, according to Divine Law, not local customs, which are often harsh and inadequate. It provides corrections where some Companions made errors: ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar divorced his wife while she was menstruating; something impermissible in Islam. The Prophet, peace be upon him, ordered him to take her back and initiate divorce proceedings when she was no longer on her menstrual cycle.
Islam is Merciful: (v4-5) like another verse (see Qur’an, 24: 60), Allah allows older women relaxed restrictions on public dress.
Prohibitions: the sixty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, revealed in Madinah. Due to the Prophet’s unique station, peace be upon him, his person and marital life was far more complicated than a normal person’s. One incident in this surah was when Hafsah, the Prophet’s wife, found him visiting Maria, another wife, in Hafsah’s room. This created tension and jealousy. Hafsah knew that it was actually A’ishah’s turn to see the Prophet and Hafsah threatened to tell A’ishah. Out of the Prophet’s love for A’ishah, the Prophet pledged to never see his wife Maria (a Greek Coptic) again if Hafsah didn’t tell A’ishah. Despite Hafsah’s promise to remain silent, she informed A’ishah anyway, to which she became predictably upset.
When the Prophet was informed by Jibril (Gabriel) of what Hafsah had done, he became upset with his wives’ antics and vowed to not visit any of them for a month. Some even thought that perhaps the Prophet, peace be upon him, had divorced all his wives. This surah addresses the petty issues of domestic life. We are admonished to not lie simply to gain favor over others and to guard our tendency towards being jealous. It is wrong (haram) to forbid that which is lawful.

Juz' #29: al-Mulk (67: 1) » al-Mursalat (77: 50)

The Dominion: the sixty-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. This surah is a combination of rebuttal, to what the pagans were claiming, as well as an affirmation of the religion for the Believers. The Prophet, peace be upon him,  said: “There is a chapter of the Qur'an which contains thirty verses (ayat) that will intercede its reader till he will be forgiven.” He referred to surah al-Mulk. Sunan Abi Dawud, 1400.
Allah’s Power is Absolute: (v15-21) “Do you feel secure against Allah, Who is in heaven causing the earth to swallow you up when suddenly it rocks from side to side?” (v15).
The Pen: the sixty-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, is a very early Makkan surah, ranked third in chronological order. It recounts the attempts of the pagans (such as Abu Jahl) to silence the Prophet through bribery. It is a counsel to the Prophet, peace be upon him, to stay the course amidst the verbal banter from the hostile pagans.
Don’t Compromise Your Integrity with Allah: (v7-16) “do not obey those who deny the truth” (v8).
Good and Evil Are Not Equal and Faith Unhinges the Faithless: (v35-52) “The Rejecters of Truth all but strike you down with their evil looks when they hear the Reminder and say, ‘He is quite mad’ ” (v51).
Ultimate Reality: the sixty-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, it is a middle Makkah surah. Before his conversion to Islam, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab was prominent amongst the Makkan pagans. But as his outward opposition to Islam grew, so did an internal conflict. ‘Umar recounts one such incident,
“Before entering Islam I came out of my house with the intention of causing some mischief for the Prophet, but he entered the sacred courtyard of the Ka’bah before I arrived. Once I showed up, I found that he was reciting surah al-Haqqah out loud and praying. I stood behind him and listened. As he recited the Qur’an, I marveled at its beauty. Then, all of a sudden an idea popped in my mind: ‘he must be a poet!’, as the Quraysh claimed. But just at that moment he recited the words, ‘this is truly the words of an honored Messenger. These aren’t the words of some mere poet’. I thought to myself, ‘he must be a fortune-teller’, upon which the Prophet then recited, ‘neither are these the words of a fortune-teller - oh, how few reminders you take! This is being sent down to you from the Lord of All the Worlds!’. On hearing this, an enthusiasm for Islam entered into my heart.” ‘Umar did not yet convert but the seed had been planted and he would go on to be one of the greatest Muslims who ever lived, may Allah be pleased with him.
Salvation in Islam - Belief in Allah and Feeding the Poor: (v33-34) Allah describes the kind of person who will be chained and flung into the Fire: “He used not to have faith in Allah the Magnificent, nor did he urge the feeding of the poor”.
The Ascent: the seventieth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. Allah rebuffs the jeering of the Makkan chiefs and lays out more information on the awesome nature of reality that most men are ignorant of.
Allah Is Aware of Those Who Mock the Prophet: (v36-39) “What is the matter with those who are kafir? They run about in front of you, with outstretched necks and staring eyes, on the right and on the left in scattered groups! Does each one of them aspire to be admitted into a Garden of Delight? Certainly not! We created them from what they know full well.” Some of the poets took to mocking the Prophet. In one incident they whipped a crowd into a frenzy, running right to left, pretending they were entering into Paradise.
Nuh (Noah): the seventy-first chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Makkan surah that relates the main aspects of the story of Nuh, particularly that he, peace be upon him, preached to his people for centuries. It was to give the Prophet, peace be upon him, encouragement.
The Jinn: the seventy-second chapter of the Qur’an, it was reveal in the late-Makkan period. The Jinn, another sentient creation of Allah, are part of the Unseen. While on a trip to Ta’if, the Prophet, peace be upon him, happened to be reciting the Qur’an when some Jinn passed his way. Upon hearing the Message, they repented and became Believers.
Enfolded: the seventy-third chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early revelation from Makkah. After a slow start, the Revelation began to come more regularly to the Prophet. Some even thought he was a magician or had been possessed by a Jinn because the Revelation had long gaps and pauses. The surah encourages the Prophet to dedicate himself to Allah through regular prayer.
Enwrapped: the seventy-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, it is the second chapter to be revealed to the Prophet, peace be upon him. It came at a time of uncertainty, where the Prophet was still unsure of himself. When his despondency reached such a height, Jibril (Gabriel) would speak to him, “You are the Messenger of Allah”. Once, while in the vicinity of Mount Hira, he saw Jibril, peace be upon him, in this true form, massive, encompassing the sky and sitting on a huge throne.
The Resurrection: the seventy-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, it was also an early Makkan surah. It covers such topics as man’s continual denial of the Here-After, how the recite the Qur’an and that man is not alone in the universe.
The Passing of Time: the seventy-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, is a Makkan surah. The Prophet used to often recite it in the morning on Fridays. The pagan Arabs had the notion that the only true force in existence was time. They claimed it was time that ultimately brought about destruction.  This chapter also highlights the contradictory notions the pagans had: only time destroys but we worship idols for benefit. The Qur’an teaches that time is under the dominion of Allah, and that one day, even Time will end.
The occasion for this surah’s revelation was when an old African man approached the Prophet, after praising him, asked, that if he believed in what the Prophet preached, would he, a black man, be in Paradise with him? The reason being is that the pagan Arabs considered themselves superior to Africans. The Prophet attested to the Truth, that all members of the African race would have shining, radiant faces in the Here-After, so long as they were pious. This enraged the pagan clan chiefs who scoffed at the notion of them being equal to a black man.
Be Selfless in Your Faith: (v8-10) “They give food, despite their love for it, to the poor and orphans and captives”.
Man Cannot Outrun the Reach of His Lord: (v27-31).
Those Who Were Sent: the seventy-seventh chapter of the Qur’an, was revealed early in Makkah. It drives home the radical theological point (to the Makkans) that there is an After-Life. Therefore, one’s current life isn’t about boasting but about personal accountability. It is said the surah is also one of protection, per the hadith,
“We (‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud and others) were with Allah's Messenger, peace be upon him in a cave when surah al-Mursalat was revealed to him and we had just heard it from his lips when there appeared before us a snake. He said: ‘Kill it!’ We tried to but it slipped away from us, thereupon Allah's Messenger said, ‘Allah saved it from your harm just as he saved you from its harm’.”

Juz' #30: al-Naba’ (78: 1) » al-Nas (114: 6)

The Prophecy: the seventy-eighth chapter of the Qur’an, revealed in Makkah. Its focus is monotheism, prophethood and the Final Hour and Judgment.
Those Who Yank Out: the seventy-ninth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. It continues on the themes of monotheism and Here-After with a focus on personal conduct and accountability.
He Frowned: the eightieth chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. It recounts a scenario in which the Prophet, peace be upon him, felt pressure to deliver the Message and frowned at an old blind man who came to him for guidance. The lesson was that all people, regardless of station, have value.
The Enveloping: the eighty-first chapter of the Qur’an, it was revealed in Makkah. This surah features gripping details of the Final Hour. Given the severity of that Day, the chapter leaves us with the question, “So which way will you go?” (v26).
The Cleaving: the eighty-second chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Makkan surah. It challenges man to confront his own faith, or lack thereof. It also informs us that Allah is not unmindful of what we do. This is in stark contrast to the notions the pagans had about Allah: that He is distant.
The Defrauderers: the eighty-third chapter of the Qur’an, it is an early Makkan surah. It address those who deny the Last Day, those who root their cheating in the misguided notion they will never be held to account.
The Tearing: the eighty-fourth chapter of the Qur’an, an early Makkan surah. The first chapter to publicly declare Islam’s main teaching and theology. It also challenges the reader of the Qur’an, “So what’s the matter with them they they do not believe?” (v20).
The Constellations: the eighty-fifth chapter of the Qur’an, an early Makkah surah. The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, related by Suhayb, said in relation to this chapter,
"There lived a king before you and he had a court magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: 'I have grown old, so send me a young boy in order to teach him magic.' The king sent him a young boy to serve the purpose. And on his way to the magician the young boy met a monk to whom he listened to and liked it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician, he would meet the monk and sit there and would come to the magician tardy. The magician used to beat him because of this delay. He complained about this to the monk who said to him, 'When you feel afraid of the magician, say: “Members of my family detained me”. And when you fear your family, say: “The magician detained me”. It so happened that there came a huge beast and it blocked the way of the people, and the young boy said, 'I will know today whether the magician or the monk is better.' He picked up a stone and said, 'O Allah, if the way of the monk is dearer to You than the way of the magician, bring about death to the animal so that the people be able to move about freely.' He threw that stone at it and killed it and the people began to move about freely. He then came to the monk and told him the story. The monk said, 'Son, today you are superior to me. You have come to a stage where I feel that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial, do not reveal me.' That young boy began to heal those born blind and the lepers and he, in fact, began to cure people from all kinds of illnesses. When a courtier of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said, 'If you cure me, all these things will be yours.' He said, 'I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah, the Exalted, Alone Who cures; and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate to Allah to cure you.' This courtier affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him. He came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him, 'Who restored your eyesight?' He said, 'My Lord (Rabb).’ Thereupon he said, 'Do you have another lord besides me?' He said, 'My Lord and your Lord is Allah.' So the king kept torturing him until he revealed the young boy. The young boy was thus summoned and the king said to him, 'O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and the lepers and you do such and such.' Thereupon he said, 'I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Alone Who cures,' and the king took hold of him and began to torture him until he revealed of the monk. The monk was summoned and it was said to him, 'You should turn back from your religion.' But he refused. The king sent for a saw, placed it in the middle of his head and cut him into two parts that fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought forward and it was said to him, 'Turn back from your religion.' He, too, refused, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and he was torn into two parts. Then the boy was sent for and it was said to him, 'Turn back from your religion.' He refused. The king then handed him over to a group of his courtiers, and said to them, 'Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its peak ask him to renounce his Faith. If he refuses to do so, push him to his death.' So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: 'O Allah, save me from them in any way you like,' and the mountain began to shake and they all fell down dead and that young boy came walking to the king. The king said to him, 'What happened to your companions?' He said, 'Allah has saved me from them.' He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said, 'Take him and carry him in a boat and when you reach the middle of the sea, ask him to renounce his religion. If he does not renounce his religion throw him into the water.' So they took him and he said, 'O Allah, save me from them.' The boat turned upside down and they all drowned except the young boy who came walking to the king. The king said to him, 'What happened to your companions?' He said, 'Allah has saved me from them,' and he said to the king, 'You cannot kill me until you do what I command you to do.' The king asked, 'What is that?' He said, 'Gather all people in one place and tie me up to the trunk of a tree, then take an arrow from my quiver and say: “With the Name of Allah, the Lord of the boy”; then shoot me. If you do that you will be able to kill me.' The king called the people in an open field and tied the young boy to the trunk of a tree. He took out an arrow from his quiver, fixed in the bow and said, 'With the Name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy,' he then shot the arrow and it hit the boy's temple. The young boy placed his hand upon the temple where the arrow had hit him and died. The people then said, 'We believe in the Lord of this young boy.' The king was told, 'Do you see what you were afraid of, by Allah it has taken place; all people have believed.' The king then commanded that trenches be dug and fire lit in them, and said, 'He who would not turn back from his the young boy's religion, throw him in the fire' or 'he would be ordered to jump into it.' They did so till a woman came with her child. She felt hesitant in jumping into the fire. The child said to her, ‘Mother! Endure this ordeal for you are on the Right Path’.” Sahih Muslim.

Accidentally Breaking One's Fast

"Whoever eats out of forgetfulness while fasting, let him complete his fast, for it is Allah Who has fed him and given him to drink." — Prophet Muhammad

The Virtue of Fasting

"Every slave of God who observes fast for a day for God's sake, God will remove, because of this day, his or her face farther from the Hell-Fire to the extent of seventy years' distance." — Prophet Muhammad

The Importance of the Ramadan Fast

"Whoever breaks the fast during Ramadan without an allowance or illness, then if he fasted for all time, his fasting would not make up for it." — Prophet Muhammad